Useful tips of obstetrician-gynecologists - causes, diagnosis and treatment

What changes occur in the body in 1 trimester of pregnancy?

The most important thing that usually bothers irritability.

Council of the Acoucher-Gynecologist. As it is neither trite, first of all it is necessary to calm down - this is a temporary phenomenon. This is due to changes in the body, i.e. The body adapts to internal changes, primarily to the change of hormonal background. It is not necessary to scare this state, after a short period of time everything will return to normal, the body will get used to new sensations, they can even become pleasant.

Often, constipation appear during pregnancy - the functional disorders of the colon motility. How to deal with them?

First of all choose products:

  • more fiber (apples, cabbage, beets, carrots, bread with bran, etc.);
  • All salads need to fill with vegetable oil;
  • From the evening to brew kuragu and prunes (3-5 berries on 1 tbsp. steep boiling water and leave to be broken - in the morning there is an on an empty stomach itself and, if there is no toxicosis, put it right away, and if there is - after a while);
  • If there is no disgust for vegetable oil, swallow 1 tbsp. l. Olive or any other oil on an empty stomach 15 minutes before meals.

These are gentle measures to facilitate state, but if it does not help you have to adopt the reception of the drug, a relaxing intestine (Duhalak).

In 1 trimester, some faced with the problem of toxicosis - nausea, vomiting. What to do?

Council of the Acoucher-Gynecologist. This condition can also be overcome. It is necessary to know that it is impossible to clean your teeth on the full stomach, interfere with liquid and solid food. Tight food should be in small portions and drink after 15-20 minutes of tea or caffeine coffee (i.e. you can drink a coffee drink). Usually, toxicosis takes place by the 12th week of pregnancy.

Add / invasive weight during pregnancy. How to treat it?

Council of the Acoucher-Gynecologist. Any woman is worried about weight gain.

In 1 trimester there is weight loss, and then Normal His increase.

Pregnant should know - add weight required no more than 250-300 g per week. Giving over this is considered pathological, it is dangerous in 3 trimester. In this case, the obstetrician gynecologist recommends unloading days.

If the woman does not add in weight at all in weight, then here you need to look: if a woman is complete (violation of the fat metabolism of 2-3 degrees), then it can even lose weight, as its fat stock is distributed to the child. But there is a pathological intrusion in weight - this happens with heavy toxicosis (vomiting up to 10-15 times a day) when the fluid is not held in the body. In such a situation, hospitalization is necessary.

Does pregnancy affect the appearance of a woman?

As a rule, the pregnancy is well affecting the appearance of a healthy woman - acne leave (if there were), the complexion of the face is improved, the structure of the hair.

Recommendations: With 1 trimester, do not walk on high heels and do not use model shoes so as not to worsen the state of the lower limbs. Shoes should be soft and comfortable, with supinators.

Are taste addictions?

During pregnancy, taste addictions are changing: for example, if a woman loved sweet, she can fully break it in love and with greed there is sharp, salty, etc. At the same time, the use of acute and salty food should be reduced to avoid edema.

It is already quite important from the first trime to be under the supervision of the obstetrician -ginecologist. It is necessary to apply either in the female consultation at the place of residence, or in a paid medical institution providing pregnancy services.

What happens to a woman in 2 trimester of pregnancy?

New taste addictions and weight gain are saved. Irritability must pass. Pleasant feelings appear. The tummy grows, the first fetas movements appear - this is direct contact between mom and baby. The hormonal background comes back. This is the most pleasant period of pregnancy, when a woman relaxes and enjoys his condition.

What happens in 3 trimester pregnancy?

3 Trimester of pregnancy has and unpleasant sides: for a woman sex contacts become difficult and it happens that obstetrician-gynecologists recommend the cessation of sexual relations before delivery. Swimming on any gestation period is welcome, especially if the woman has led an active lifestyle - it is a good replacement for other physical exertion.

Employment - blenced, swelling may appear. This serves as a reason to consult a doctor.

Council of the obstetrician gynecologist. Power requires adjustment. It is necessary to dramatically limit bakery products, fruits with increased sugar content (grapes, persimmon), sharp, salty. In the 3 trimester, the fruit is growing actively, so the mother should actively eat meat, chicken, fish, vegetables.

We need to carry correctional linen, bandages to support the spine, antagidic tights (they ways to reduce the swelling of the lower extremities and prevent the appearance of varicose disease, incl. Germ lips).

Decal leave. Care and preparation for childbirth.

In the 3 trimester, a woman should go on maternity leave - from 30 weeks of pregnancy. This period of time is given to the woman in order for it to take care of him and prepared for the upcoming replenishment in the family, made the appropriate purchases.

How to prepare the chest so that there are no cracks?

Council of the obstetrician gynecologist. Every evening a woman should take a shower and under the shower to make the gymnastics needed for the chest. This is done like this: the woman pulls carefully nipples, takes a washcloth or a wafer mitten, lays a gel or soap chest and massages her clockwise and from the periphery to the nipple (do not forget to massage the bottom of the chest). After leaving the bath takes a towel (better waffle) and rubbing the nipple and the near-block space. After rubbing, it is necessary to process the pigment part of any alcohol tincture (Rotokan, Romazulatelan, Calendula and others). This serves as a crack prevention. In the morning after the shower you need to lubricate the stomach, chest, thighs and buttocks. To better prepare nipples, it is possible to insert thin linen gaskets between the breast and the bra.

The editorial board thanks the network of clinics of the health centers of the family inpromed for help in the preparation of the material.

The first trimester is called the period from the first to the twelfth week of pregnancy, that is, the first three months. During this time, a lot of things have time to happen: the meeting of the male sperm with a female egg and fertilization, the journey of the embryo from the fallopian tube to the uterine cavity, his implantation (Attaching to the fallopian wall) and rapid growth. For twelve weeks, a small cell, which not to consider without a microscope turns into a small little man with a growing approximately 5 cm and weighing 14 grams. From 11 weeks it is no longer an embryo, from now on the future child is called the fruit.

All organs and systems of the future child are formed and developed during the period of intrauterine development, so a woman needs to take care of the health and safety of the baby. During pregnancy, toxicosis can develop, violation of digestion, allergies - states at which it is not necessary without receiving enterosorbent. Popular first sorbent of the smect is no longer appointed to future mothers, nursing and kids up to 2 years due to detecting in raw materials for the manufacture of this toxic lead. The lead in the composition of the smect can have an oppressive impact on the development of the child, in particular, on its brain. This statement was published by the National Agency for the Safety of Medicines and Products of Medical Origin (France) in the spring of 2019. For this reason, the Russian society - gynecologists (RWAG) issued a recommendation on the termination of the appointment of the smect of pregnant women, nursing women, as well as children up to 2 years old. Roag recommends a well-proven enterosgel or similar drugs.

Entersogel is highlighted as the preparation of the first choice for pregnant women, due to safety (only works in the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract). Geloid-saturated with water, unlike powder, minimizes the risks of constipation, which is very important when pregnant therapy. The gel-shaped enterosorbent reliably binds and removes naturally pathogenic and toxic compounds from the body, does not have an aggressive impact on the microflora and the Epithelium of the GCT, in contrast to the fine sorbents.

Symptoms in the first trimester of pregnancy

With the beginning of pregnancy, the future mother takes place the hormonal background, which entails many other changes in various organs. The body begins to react to the embryo. As a result, some symptoms arise.

Pregnancy in all women proceeds in different ways. Some future mothers feel great and full of energy throughout the first trimester, the state of others leaves much to be desired.

The main manifestations and symptoms during the first trimester of pregnancy:

Small blood discharge from the vagina At the very beginning of pregnancy, 25% of women occur. This is usually a sign that the embryo was successfully implanted in the wall of the uterus. Anxious symptom - when vaginal bleeding is abundant, accompanied by spasms, pain in the stomach. We need to urgently consult a doctor. Such symptoms may indicate miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.

If bleeding occurs at the very beginning of pregnancy, a woman can take him for the delayed periods and not even know that she had a miscarriage.

Milk soreness - Often one of the very first signs of pregnancy. He arises due to hormones, which are already now, at the beginning of the first trimester, begin to prepare women's breasts to feed the baby. It is recommended to immediately buy a bra on a size greater than you usually wear, and abandon lace linen.

It is very important to know that the determination of the HICH hormone level is an important point of the study of pregnancy. Especially important values ​​become in threats, frozen pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy. Diagnostics can be carried out only in specialized laboratories and interpret the results can only specialist. HCG tests for home use does not exist.

Constipation In the first trimester, pregnancy begins to disturb due to the fact that the body increases the level of hormone progesterone who slows down Motorick - Reducing muscles in the intestinal wall, promoting food promotion. If at the same time the future mother takes iron preparations, the likelihood of constipation and gases is greatly rising. It is recommended to drink a sufficient amount of fluid, there are more fiber products with high content, maintain physical activity. If with constipation still fails to cope, you need to consult a doctor. It will prescribe a soft laxative.

Allocations from the vagina milky white color called Leicheye . Gaskets helps to get rid of discomfort. But you should not use tampons: with them in the vagina you can make infections that during pregnancy is extremely undesirable.

Increased fatigue - Full natural phenomenon. Despite the fact that the future child is still very tiny, it grows very quickly, and he needs nutrients, energy. Maternal organism should provide its needs. In addition, the body of the future mother should "get used to" to the fact that there is still someone inside it, rebuild his work. For this, too, need strength.

Pain in chest

Changing taste preferences and "strange" wishes about food. According to statistics, up to 60% of pregnant women in the first trimester are experiencing increased craving for food and about 50% - disgust. Sometimes the future mother may want, for example, ice cream with salted fish and some exotic special. There is nothing terrible to indulge yourself delicious if you really want. The main thing is that in general the diet was healthy and full. Tract for inedible subjects, such as chalk, bricks, earth, is definitely not normal. Such unusual desires can be a manifestation of a state dangerous to mom and a future child. You need to consult a doctor.

Frequent urination Worried because of hormones, fluid delays in the body. Although the uterus in the first trimester of pregnancy is relatively small, it grandsilize on the bladder. If you often pull into the toilet, in no case you do not need to try to cope with this symptom, limiting drinking. A sufficient amount of fluid should flow into the body of the future mother, otherwise the risk of dehydration increases.

Heartburn Arises because of the hormone of progesterone. It relaxes muscles in the walls of the internal organs, including the foil, which is located on the border between the stomach and the esophagus - sphincter . As a result, it occurs Gastroesophageal reflux : The contents of the stomach enters the esophagus, and the future mother is experiencing an unpleasant feeling of burning behind the sternum. In order to cope with heartburn, it is recommended to eat in small portions, not to night and do not lie after eating. If it does not help, the doctor can recommend Antacids - Preparations neutralizing hydrochloric acid in the stomach.

Frequent mood oscillations . Excellent mood is replaced by tears, fear, irritation, it happens quickly and many times a day. It is important that next to the future mother at this time was a person who will provide support to which you can speak. Most often this role is performed by her husband or parents. If necessary, you can contact a psychologist.

Nausea in the morning - The most famous and very common symptom of the first trimester of pregnancy. It is tested up to 85% of women. Nausea arises due to the reaction of the body of the future mother on the embryo, hormonal perestroika. It can maintain throughout the first trimester and is expressed in varying degrees: some women are only a little nauseous, in others without the morning vomiting, almost no one begins.

Girl behind a laptop

What happens to the future child?

On the first and second weeks of the obstetric period, the woman is still not pregnant, and she has no child in his stomach. On the third week, the female egg is found with a male spermatozal, their merger occurs. This meeting occurs in the uterine tube. From the genital cells formed zygote . She begins to move towards the uterus and in parallel it is very intensely divided. Your future child is still a small lump of cells, and now he grows faster than ever in the future.

Morning Nausea

By the fourth week of the first trimester, the embryo consists of a sufficiently large number of cells, it turns into blastocyst . Cells that are inside Blastocysts will give the beginning of the child's body, and those that outside the placenta and some other structures. Occurs implantation - The embryo literally "combat" into the wall of the uterus and feeds on blood, destroyed by fabrics. At this time, a woman can occur small bleeding.

Fertilization of egg spermatozoa

On the fifth week, the embryo produces a large amount of hormone, which is called Chorionic gonadotropin , abbreviated - Hgch. . This hormone acts on the ovaries, stops the ripening of new eggs, stimulates the production of estrogen and progesterone. As a result, the woman does not come next monthly.

On the fifth week of the first trimester, the body of the future child consists of three layers. From each layer in the future, certain organs and tissues are formed:

Layer name

Organs that are formed from it

Etoderma

  • Outer layer of skin;
  • head, spinal cord and peripheral nerves;
  • eyes;
  • Intern ear.

Mesoderma

  • the cardiovascular system;
  • bones;
  • Bundles;
  • kidney;
  • Part of the reproductive system.

Entoderma

  • lungs;
  • Digestive tract.

On the sixth week, the embryo continues to grow actively. It closes the nervous tube, from which the head and spinal cord will be formed in the future, the formation of the heart and large vessels begins, the ear, eye, eye appear. Where there will be hands, two tiny kidneys appear. The body of the embryo is bent in the form of the letter "C". The seventh week is denoted head. Begins to quickly grow face, brain. At the places of future nostrils, recesses appear. The rigids of the upper extremities will noticeably grow up: now they resemble tiny blades or shells. The kidneys appear where the legs will be. The formation of retinal eye begins.

Implantation of a fetal egg in the uterus

At the eighth week, the embryo is already a little resemble a little man. He is clearly indicated by the head, the root of the eyes, ears are clearly visible, the nose, the upper lip is formed. The tiny handles and legs are similar to float, but it is already visible how fingers are separated. The body of the embryo is no longer so bent into the arc, it straightened a little.

At the ninth week of the first trimester, the future child is a very big head and relatively small Taurus. He still has a poorly developed chin, but already formed the eyelids. Clearly visible fingers, elbows appear on the hands. At the tenth week, the baby's head acquires a more correct, rounded shape. He can bend his hands in the elbow joints. Fingers in their arms and legs were finally divided, steel became longer. Good visible umbilical.

Embryo on the 6th week of pregnancy

At the eleventh week of the first trimester, the head of the future child is still very big - it is approximately half of the body. But over the next week of pregnancy, the body will grow accelerated pace, and gradually the proportions will be correct. All major bodies have already laid in the body of the future child. From now on, it is not called an embryo, but a fruit. His face is wide. Eyes are widely placed on the sides, they seem to be a little on the sides. Eyelids closed. If you were now seeing your future baby, then I would probably think that he sleeps. But in fact, it is impossible to call a full-fledged sleep, because the nervous system of the kid is not well developed.

On the eleventh week in the liver of the fetus, red blood tales begin to form - Erythrocytes . A kidneys appear on the gums that will later turn into teeth. Sexual differences arise: the boys formed a penis, in girls - sex lips and clit.

On the twelfth week, the body and face of the fetus acquire more correct proportions. Crumbling marigolds begin to grow on her fingers. The intestine, the part of which went through a navel ring, completely returned to the abdominal cavity.

Embryo on the 9th week of pregnancy

The dimensions of the embryo and the fetus at different timing of the first trimester of pregnancy are presented in the table:

Pregnancy Week (obstetric period)

Body Length of the Future Child

4

Microscopic dimensions

5

3-4 mm

6

6-7 mm

7

1.3 cm

8

1.6 cm

9

2.3 cm

ten

3 cm

eleven

4 cm

12

5.3 cm

What happens to the uterus?

With the beginning of pregnancy in the ovaries no longer ripen follicles with eggs, no ovulation occurs, monthly. At the site of the ripe follicle, from which the eggs came out, the special endocrine iron remains - Yellow body . It produces estrogens and progesterone hormones that are important for maintaining pregnancy:

  • Estrogen cause thickening ( Hypertrophy ) Muscular shell of the wall of the uterus, contribute to the increase in the contents of proteins in it responsible for muscle contractions - Aktin и Mozin . There is an extension of blood vessels, the influx of blood to the uterus increases.
  • Progesterone Protects the uterus and fertilized egg. This hormone causes the uterus to increase in size during pregnancy, grow iron tissue in a female breast. Under the action of progesterone, the transfer of pulses between muscles and nerves is slowed down, resulting in a reduced muscle activity in the uterus wall.

The yellow body is most actively just during the first trimester - the first 10-12 weeks of pregnancy. Then it is gradually atrophied, and its functions take the placenta.

Fruit at the 12th week of pregnancy

Before pregnancy, the woman's uterus has a size from about an orange, and is completely in a small pelvis. Its length is 7-8 cm, width - 4-5 cm. During pregnancy, it grows in geometric progression. At first, this is due to the elongation and thickening of muscle fibers in the wall, increasing their quantity, at later time - due to stretching the wall of the uterus due to the growth of the fetus. By the end of the first trimester, the uterus reaches grapefruit sizes. Her upper edge is already beginning to perform a little behind the top edge of the Lonnoye, but it is still in the pelvis cavity.

In the first weeks of pregnancy, the likelihood of miscarriage is quite high. By the end of the first trimester, it decreases greatly. Now the future child is quite large, he passed the most difficult and most critical stages of its development.

In the first trimester, the fruit and the uterus are still very small, so the belly of the future mother is immeasured. However, it is individually. As a rule, the tummy becomes noticeable from 14 weeks of pregnancy. Some women do not see him for 16 weeks and even at later timing. In some, on the contrary, the appearance of the abdomen changes noticeably for the 12th week of pregnancy. If the woman is pregnant double, her belly usually grows faster.

Possible complications in the first trimester

Many future mothers are familiar with such a symptom as nausea. This is a possible manifestation of early toxicosis in the first trimester of pregnancy - the pathological condition, due to the reaction of the female organism on the embryo and its new state. Among the main causes of early toxicosis, there is a violation of the work of the nervous system, hormonal oscillations, the restructuring of metabolism, the work of the whole organism.

Comparative sizes of uterus on different trimesters

Early toxicosis can flow in different forms, lungs or heavy. Most women have Vomiting pregnant . She worries in the first trimester more than half of future mothers, but only the tenth part of them need treatment. The earlier the first symptoms arise, the easier the toxicosis occurs. Allocate three severity of pathology:

  • I Degree - Easy Form . Vomiting is no more often five times a day. In this case, the general condition of the woman remains satisfactory. Most often, strong nausea arises when the future mother feels an unpleasant smell or eats something, but this can occur on an empty stomach. There is some loss of body weight, usually not more than 2-3 kg. Blood pressure is normal, pulse frequency - no more than 80 shots per minute. Other symptoms are absent, in analyzes of pathological changes is not noted.
  • II degree Average severity. Vomiting arises much more often - 6-10 times a day. The general condition is disturbed: the future mother may complain about weakness, dizziness. The pulse is read up to 90-100 shots per minute. Arterial pressure is slightly reduced. Acetone appears in the urine. For a half weeks, the mass of the body can decrease by more than 3 kg.
  • III degree - Heavy toxicosis . Future mom River 20-25 times a day, its condition deteriorates significantly. Vomit urge arise at night, they provoke any movements. The mass of the body is reduced by 8-10 kg and more. Development develops, the skin becomes dry, the body temperature rises. The pulse is read up to 120 shots per minute. Arterial pressure is reduced. In the analyzes of urine and blood, pathological changes are noted.

With a light vomiting of pregnant women, it is possible to be treated at home, you need to regularly be a doctor for control examinations. With moderate severity and severe form, hospitalization is required to hospitalize. Prescribed drugs that help to normalize the state of the nervous and endocrine system, dropper to fill the fluid losses by the body, vitamins and physiothereders, reflexotherapy.

Salivation - The second variety of early toxicosis. Often it combines with vomiting of pregnant women. If saliva stands out so much, the woman can lose a day to one liter of fluid. At the same time, the risk of dehydration arises. When salivable in pregnant women prescribe mouth rinsing, reflexotherapy, igloreflexotherapy. If a woman loses a lot of fluid, conduct intravenous infusion.

Others, rare forms of early toxicosis:

  • Dermatosis of pregnant women - skin lesion. Most often it occurs. Sometimes it develops life-threatening condition - Herpetyiform impetigo .
  • Topia pregnant women - A condition that manifests itself in the form of cramps in the muscles of the hands, legs, faces. This is due to the violation of the work of the parathyroid glands and calcium exchange. If tetania proceeds in very severe form, the interruption of pregnancy is shown.
  • Osteomalacia In the first trimester of pregnancy - this condition at which the softening of the bones occurs. Worried pain in different parts of the body, unpleasant sensations (paresthesia), weakness, gait is disturbed. Pregnancy during osteomalysis is completely contraindicated. This pathology is extremely rare.
  • Acute yellow liver atrophy - Very rare and very dangerous complication of the first trimester of pregnancy. Due to changes in the body, the liver tissue is reborn, it decreases in size. Jaundice arises, disorders from the nervous system. If you do not interrupt pregnancy, the future mother will perish.
  • Bronchial asthma pregnant women It is also extremely rare complication. It is believed that it arises due to the reduction of the function of the parathyroid glands and the calcium exchange disorders.

Early toxicosis always begins in the first trimester of pregnancy, and usually passes to the beginning of the second.

Abortion of pregnancy (miscarriage) in the first trimester

Abortion of pregnancy (miscarriage, spontaneous abortion) is a fairly common complication at the beginning of pregnancy. According to statistics, about 10% of pregnancies end in miscarriage in the first trimester.

Nausea in the girl

The main reasons for interrupting pregnancy in the first trimester:

  • More than half of the cases, this is due to the fact that the embryo receives an irregular chromosome. At the same time, it cannot develop and turn into a full embryo.
  • Some studies show that risks are somewhat rising if a woman smokes.
  • The risks of miscarriage in the first trimester increase somewhat when drinking alcohol.
  • The likelihood that the woman will lose the embryo increases with age. So, in general, the interruption of pregnancy in the first trimester occurs in about 10% of cases, then after forty years - at 60-70%.
  • As for caffeine, scientists have not yet made unambiguous conclusions, but, apparently, in small quantities (up to 200 mg per day, which corresponds to two small coffee cups) it is safe.
  • Sports, injuries, falling, sex and physical work at the first weeks of pregnancy, contrary to popular opinion, do not lead to miscarriages.

When the pregnancy is interrupted in early terms, vaginal bleeding and spasms appear in the lower abdomen. This can occur in the norm, during the introduction of an egg to the wall of the uterus. Similar symptoms appear ectopic pregnancy. You should not panic before, but just in case you need to consult a doctor.

If a woman has an interruption of pregnancy in the first trimester, it still does not mean that something is wrong with her, and she will no longer become pregnant. On the contrary, miscarriage on the first weeks is usually "one-time phenomenon". After a couple of weeks, during the next ovulation, you can get pregnant.

Causes of frozen pregnancy in the first trimester

Thiended pregnancy is called such a pathological condition, in which the future child ceases to grow, develop and dies. Most often, pathology is diagnosed in the first trimester, but also occurs in the second and in the third.

DNA spirals

The main causes of frozen pregnancy:

  • Most often this is due to infections in the future mothers, such as toxoplasmosis, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, chlamydia, cytomegalovirus infection, herpes, flu.
  • Hormonal disorders in a woman.
  • Antiphospholipid syndrome - The condition in which substances damaging cells are produced in the body. As a result, blood flow in small vessels is disturbed, including blood in the placenta, blood is cooled inside them. The embryo stops getting oxygen, nutrients and dies.
  • Chromosomal anomalies in the embryo.
  • Different pregnancy leads any harmful substances that affect the body of the future mother. This includes contact with various chemicals in production (professional harm), smoking, drinking alcohol, drugs, receiving some drugs.

Usually, a frozen pregnancy is not manifested by any symptoms. The embryo stops developing, but remains in the uterus. During an ultrasound research, the doctor discovers that the size of the child's body does not correspond to the normal for this period of pregnancy.

When measuring pregnancy in the first trimester, the scraping of the uterus is shown. After that, planning a new pregnancy is recommended for several months. This time you need to spend on a thorough examination of future parents and finding out the reason that could lead to this complication. The nucleus fabric removed from the uterine is examined for chromosomal anomalies.

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic, or ectopic pregnancy - a condition in which the egg cell is implanted not in the uterus, but in the uterine tube or in the abdominal cavity. Normally Oocyte - the female sex cell - is located in the fallopian tube about 24 hours in anticipation of the spermatozoa. After fertilization, the embryo is still 3-4 days "travels" in the uterine tube, then falls into the uterus and is attached to its wall.

Ectopic pregnancy can not normally develop and end the birth of a child. If the egg cell attached in the wrong place, it creates a potential threat to the life of the future mother.

Often, the beginning of pregnancy and the birth of life Most women do not notice. Only after the new cycle of menstruation does not occur, the girls begin to suspect something. Doctors say that the delay of menstruation is the very first sign, but still indirectly. After all, the delay may arise due to hormonal failures, inflammatory processes or other reasons.

The risk of ectopic pregnancy increase the following factors:

  • sexually transmitted infections;
  • inflammatory processes in pelvic organs;
  • If a woman has already had an ectopic pregnancy;
  • scars on the uterus after previously suffered surgery;
  • The use of certain drugs for the treatment of infertility;
  • Unsuccessful interference of uterine pipes;
  • Extracorporeal fertilization.

Often, an ectopic pregnancy proceeds asymptomatic. Some women are disturbed by pain in the pelvis area, vaginal bleeding. Sometimes there are sharp spasms in the stomach, pain on one side of the body, nausea and vomiting, weakness, dizziness, pain in the shoulder, in the area of ​​the rectum. The most dangerous complication of ectopic pregnancy is the rupture of the uterine tube. There is very strong pain, a woman is experiencing strong weakness, may lose consciousness. Blood from the vagina stands out not always, bleeding can be inner.

Sometimes an ectopic pregnancy can be eliminated using medication. Woman give Methotrexat - Because of this drug, the embryo stops developing and is gradually absorbed. In other cases, surgical treatment is shown. Plan your next pregnancy is recommended no earlier than 3-6 months after treatment. With the onset of new pregnancy, certain problems may arise. This question must be discussed in advance with a reproductologist.

Weight gain in the first trimester

Measuring pregnancy and stage of miscarriage

In the first trimester of pregnancy, future mothers add not so much weight. After all, the increase in the mass is mainly due to the growth of the fetus, the accumulation of reserves of adipose tissue and fluid delay in the body. Up to 13 weeks, the fruit is still very small. In some period of time, you can not add at all or even lose a little - it is completely normal, especially if you have a bad appetite and worries nausea.

The increase in all occurs differently. On average, the first trimester of women is gaining from 450 to 2250 grams.

How often do you need to visit the doctor in the first trimester of pregnancy?

Weighing on outdoor scales

Usually, future mothers first come to a doctor for a female consultation on the 7-8 week of pregnancy. Many women are on this time - already in the middle of the first trimester! - Just find out that they are pregnant. It is necessary to prepare for the reception at the doctor will last for quite a long time. An obstetrician gynecologist will ask a lot of questions: what kind of health has you had before pregnancy, what means of contraception you use, whether the urinary infections did not hurt if there were cases of genetic disorders, hereditary and other diseases, do not suffer allergies like You had a recent business with a menstrual cycle, whether there were previously pregnancy as they proceeded.

Of course, the doctor will ask your well-minded and ask for symptoms. Then the inspection will be carried out. The doctor will appreciate the condition of your skin, thyroid gland, the mammary glands, check the veins on the legs, measure the pulse, blood pressure, growth, weight. A gynecological examination will be carried out. A receipt of an obstetrician-gynecologist will be completed with a rather impressive list of analyzes that have to be surrendered over the next two weeks.

At the reception of the doctor you can ask all your questions about the lifestyle, nutrition, the need to take vitamins and minerals.

Usually the second visit of the obstetrician Gynecologist is appointed at the end of the first trimester - in the tenth of the week. This time the future mother is at the reception already with the results of the tests. The doctor will appreciate them if everything is in order - will tell about how to be observed and what research goes on. If there are pathological deviations in the analyzes, the doctor will take appropriate measures.

Prepare for the fact that up to the twentieth week of pregnancy to visit female consultation will have to approximately once a month. .

Research and tests

During the first visit to the female consultation in the first trimester of pregnancy, the doctor issues directions to the following types of analyzes:

  • General urine analysis For rent as usual - the first morning portion of an empty stomach is collected. This analysis is needed to test the work of the kidneys and identify pathogenic bacteria.
  • Vagina smear Helps to figure out whether there is no inflammatory process in the genital organs of the future mother infection.
  • General blood analysis Also pass, as usual: in the morning, an empty stomach. Usually blood is taken from Vienna, because it is necessary for other studies. With the help of a general analysis of blood, inflammatory processes in the body (increase in leukocyte levels), anemia (decrease in the level of erythrocytes and hemoglobin), estimate the amount of platelets - blood plates, which are responsible for the formation of blood closet.
  • Definition of blood group and rhesus factor. If the Future Mom has a negative factor, it is necessary to carry out similar analysis from the future father. This will help assess the likelihood of the reserves-conflict of mother and fetus.
  • Blood tests for viral hepatitis D I. C, Syphilis, HIV infection.
  • Analysis on Torch infection. This group includes: herpes, cytomegalovirus infection, mycoplasmosis, toxoplasmosis. This composition is not chosen by chance. These pathogens can be in the body of a woman for a very long time, without causing pronounced symptoms, but they are dangerous for the fetus and are able to lead to developmental deposits. With a positive result of the analysis, the doctor will prescribe treatment.
  • Investigation of blood glucose levels. The increased level of sugar suggests that during pregnancy, the future mothers have a higher risk of developing diabetes.
  • Coagulogram - Blood analysis for coagulation. It is needed in order to assess the risk of bleeding, thrombosis.

At the reception of the doctor

Blood test on TSH in the first trimension of pregnancy Need to reveal from a woman Hypothyroidism - The condition potentially dangerous for the future child. TSH, or thyrotropic hormone is a hormone, which is produced by a pituitary gland and activates the production of thyroid hormones. In the body there is feedback: when the thyroid gland begins to work less actively, more thyrotropic hormone is produced, as a result, the level of thyroid hormones increases, and this leads to a decrease in the level of TSH. Therefore, by the level of TSH in the blood, one can judge the activity of the thyroid gland.

In the first trimester of pregnancy in the blood rises Chorionic gonadotropin . This hormone is similar in structure with TSH, it also causes the thyroid gland to work more active. As a result, the level of thyroid hormones increases, and the TSH level becomes somewhat reduced. If he is raised, it suggests that the thyroid gland produces little hormones. Increased risk of hypothyroidism.

In the first trimester, the future mother will have to be inspected from some professionals:

In addition, you will be guided by an electrocardiogram.

Ultrasonic screening in the first trimester of pregnancy

The first ultrasonic screening is carried out on the 12th week of pregnancy. Perform Transabdominal (through the wall of the abdomen) and Transvaginal (through the vagina using a special sensor) ultrasound. In some cases, the doctor may assign a study until 12 weeks of pregnancy, if the future mother is experiencing pain at the bottom of the abdomen, with an increased risk of miscarriage, to control after the use of auxiliary reproductive technologies (ECO).

Blood analysis

The first ultrasonic screening helps:

  • Confirm that the woman is fruit in the tummy;
  • clarify the term of pregnancy;
  • evaluate the condition of chorion (placenta);
  • evaluate the contractile activity of the uterus wall;
  • Examine the structure of the fetus: the doctor examines his handles, legs, head, brain, heart;
  • Conduct some measurements: Copshuxy-dump-darken size (length from the top of the tailbone), the thickness of the collar space ("cervical fold");
  • Check if the fruit has a nasal bone.

The ultrasound in the first trimester of pregnancy is included in the so-called first prenatal screening. The second component of this screening - blood tests on Chorionic gonadotropin (Hgch. ) I. Plasma protein associated with pregnancy А (RARR-A. ).

Hgch. It is produced by cells of embryonic shells. It provides the development of pregnancy. Normally, its level rises during the first trimester and reaches a maximum by 12 week.

Papp-A. It is produced by the body of a future mother, it is needed for the normal development of the placenta and so that the female organism does not spin the germ as something alien.

Pathological deviations of the levels of these markers in combination with changes in ultrasound talk about the high probability of genetic anomalies in the fetus. But this is not the final verdict. The presence of pathology must be confirmed by additional invasive studies.

So it usually looks like a picture of the fetus for the 12th week of pregnancy:

Ultrasound during pregnancy

What can and what is impossible in the first trimester of pregnancy?

Below we collected useful tips for the future mother about the nutrition, taking vitamins, physical activity and sexual life.

Proper nutrition in the first trimester

Three main characteristics of the diet of the future mother on any time of pregnancy: it must be full, healthy and diverse. Despite the fact that the future child is still very small, it is actively growing, develops, and it needs nutrients, energy.

Photos of the fetus on ultrasound

Contrary to the common Council "there are two", the future mother in the first trimester does not need double portions of food. Enough to receive 300-350 additional calories daily .

What products are recommended during pregnancy, and what to avoid, you will learn from the table:

Products that must be present in the diet:

Food to avoid:

  • Milk, dairy products, yogurts. This is a valuable source of protein and calcium.
  • Bean: beans, soybeans, peas, nuts. They contain protein, fiber, folic acid and other valuables.
  • Salmon and other fatty fish is rich in omega-3-polyunsaturated fatty acids.
  • Eggs contain a lot of fat, protein, valuable nutrients. They are present choline - The compound required for the development of the brain.
  • Green leafy vegetables (salad, broccoli) are rich in fiber, vitamins.
  • Lean meat (chicken, pork, beef) will provide the body with protein, iron, B. B. Vitamins.
  • Fish fat can be taken as biologically active additives. It contains omega-3-fatty acids, Vitamin D.
  • Berries - a source of valuable carbohydrates, fiber, vitamin C.
  • One-piece cereals contain fiber, help fight constipation.
  • Dried fruits contain vitamins.
  • It is important to consume a sufficient amount of fluid. It is recommended about 1.5 liters of water daily.
  • Raw, unsung meat, fish. In order to check the availability of products, it is worth getting a food thermometer.
  • Sushi with raw seafood.
  • Raw eggs and products containing them. Eggs Skump also "contraindicated".
  • Raw milk and dairy products.
  • Unwashed vegetables and fruits.
  • Alcohol.
  • It is necessary to minimize the consumption of products containing added sugar: chocolate, cakes, cakes, candies, sweet soda.
  • Limit fast food, semi-finished products, smoked, sausages and sausages.

What vitamins need to be taken in the first trimester of pregnancy?

The most important vitamin that needs to be taken back at the pregnancy planning stage - folic acid . It helps prevent the nervous tube defects at the embryo. These malformations arise in the first 28 days of pregnancy, when many women still do not know that they are pregnant. Recommended daily dose of folic acid for future mothers - 400 μg per day. Vitamin must be taken at least up to 12 weeks of pregnancy.

Products in plates

Also in prenatal vitamin and mineral complexes can include the following components:

Name of substance

Dose

Vitamin D.

400 me

Calcium

200-300 mg

Vitamin C.

70 mg

Vitamin B. 1(thiamine)

3 mg

Vitamin B. 2(riboflavin)

2 mg

Vitamin PP (Niacin, Nicotinic Acid)

20 mg

Vitamin B. 12

6 μg

Vitamin E.

10 mg

Zinc

15 mg

Iron

17 mg

Iodine

150 μg

About what vitamins should be taken in your case, you need to consult with your doctor.

PillsMost recently, in the category of vitamin and mineral complexes for pregnant women, a novelty has appeared - Biotophy Prenatal. The distinctive features of this complex are:

  • Balanced composition of vitamins and minerals, which has a beneficial effect on the formation of a healthy fetus and minimizes the risks of pregnancy complications 2
  • Release form "Chocolate bars" from natural ingredients without sugar, dyes, preservatives and GMOs. The use of this form with pregnant women contributes to the regularity of the reception of the vitamin and mineral complex. An additional daily reception contributes to this 2
  • The release form of "chocolate bars" is convenient does not require driving water¹, unlike tablets and capsules. Chocolate bars are comfortable to take with them.
  • Single daily reception 1
  • European production, which is evidence of high quality products 1

Physical activity

Exercise are not contraindicated if pregnancy proceeds without complications. However, before you begin to engage, you should always consult with your doctor. Regular physical activity in the first trimester helps to improve well-being in the morning, raise the mood, get rid of stress, chronic fatigue, normalize sleep. Futive mothers are encouraged to perform moderate intensity for 150 minutes a week. Usually they are divided into 30-minute daily classes for five days, during the weekend - a break.

Biotelfy Prenatal

If you used to learn a sedentary lifestyle, start with a small one. At first, it is quite enough for 10-20 minutes a day, gradually the duration can be increased. If you used to have been seriously engaged in sports, now the intensity needs to be reduced. Measure about this with a doctor, your coach.

The best types of exercise for future mothers in the first trimester:

  • Walking, jogging. Even a small walk in the fresh air is a kind of physical exercise.
  • Yoga.
  • Pilates.
  • Heavy athletics - but only with moderate loads. Be sure to consult your doctor!
  • Riding a bike or exercise bike.
  • Swimming in the pool, Aqua Aerobics.

Morning running

Future mothers should not play sports, which involves very high loads, contact sports. Having worried abdominal injuries, overheating, dehydration (if you have to perform intense exercises, especially in the heat, and the future mother sweats greatly).

Sex during the first trimester

Sex is not contraindicated on any time of pregnancy, provided that it proceeds without complications, and the doctor did not receive recommendations to limit sexual activity. Sex in the first and subsequent trimesters can not harm the future child, but he gives a woman positive emotions and strengthens the emotional connection with the partner.

Sex contacts are contraindicated with pain, bleeding, in a word, with any symptoms that may indicate a complication of pregnancy. It is necessary to refrain from intimate proximity and visit the doctor if the future mother or the future dad has signs of urinary infection.

What symptoms in the first trimester of pregnancy should make urgently consult a doctor?

High temperature in the first trimester of pregnancy . If the temperature of your body has risen above 37 degrees, it is a reason to consult a doctor. Most likely, it says that your body struggles with infection that penetrates it. It is dangerous for the future child. Experiments on animal embryos have shown that a very high temperature increases the risk of developing heart defects and jaws. In no case do not take on your own antipyretic funds: most of them can harm your future child. Usually, the future mothers are allowed to accept paracetamol, but it is not worth doing this without consulting the doctor.

Medical inspection

Headache in the first trimester - Pretty common symptom. During pregnancy, he delivers especially many problems, since most of the painkillers are contraindicated. Among the causes of headaches in future mothers, in the first trimester, there are often such as: change in hormonal background, migraine, stress and overwork, constant nasal congestion, dehydration due to frequent vomiting, sharp cessation of coffee consumption (the so-called cancellation syndrome). Often with headaches during pregnancy, you can handle if you get enough sleep, relax, more often to be in the fresh air and avoid factors that cause this symptom. In some cases, it is better to immediately consult a doctor:

  • Headache is very strong, long does not pass;
  • accompanied by dizziness, visual impairment;
  • with elevated or reduced arterial pressure;
  • If a woman has previously suffered from migraine headaches, and they have become more frequent, intensified with the onset of pregnancy.

Головная боль

Cough and cold during pregnancy in the first trimester . Unfortunately, the probability of cold during pregnancy is very high, because according to statistics, adults are sick of ARVI from 2 to 4 times a year. You can protect yourself if you rarely be in crowded places, more often wash your hands and do not use someone else's dishes, personal hygiene objects. If you have a child in the house, your risks are higher, because children are sick more often.

If you have trimmed in the first trimester, you should not panic. Most likely, viruses will not harm your child. The main thing is that it is not flu. It takes place harder than the usual ARZ, the temperature immediately rises, there is ailment, pain in the muscles.

With a cold, do not hurry to take medicine. Many drugs may harm the fetus. With a runny nose, struggling with drops or sprays that contain water with salt. To combat high temperature, you can use paracetamol, but only after consulting with your doctor. Honey or lemon juice, diluted in water, warm drink, rinse with a solution of cook salt, will reduce the throat pain. Drink enough liquid, relax more and be sure to consult a doctor.

Thrush in the first trimester . This term is called yeast infection - candidiasis . Its main manifestations: abundant white, brownish or curly discharge from the vagina, redness, itching, burning in the field of genital organs during urination. Similar symptoms can manifest other urinary infections, so first of all you need to visit the doctor (if it does not get better for 3 days - it is not worth postponing a visit to the doctor) and there is no examination. Usually, thrush does not cause any complications of pregnancy. But it is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms. During pregnancy, the risk of developing candidiasis increases, and get rid of the disease becomes more difficult. Vaginal candles and suppositories are used, but not all - some of them are dangerous for the embryo and fetus.

Зуд в промежности

Usually correct treatment helps to cope with the thrush within 10-14 days.

Herpes in the first trimester of pregnancy . Herpes is a potentially dangerous infection for the future child. It can damage the nervous system, mental retardation and death. But there are several important reservations. Baby infection occurs during childbirth with active herpes of genital organs in a woman. Therefore, infection is most dangerous at the end of pregnancy: the body of the future mother does not have time to develop antibodies that protect the child. If the woman was herpes herpes before the start of pregnancy, the risks are minimal: most likely, her immunity will protect the baby, and nothing terrible will happen. According to American statistics, genital herpes occurs in 25-30% of pregnant women, and complications occur only in 0.1% (that is, one per thousand) newborns.

Сыпь при герпесе

Brown allocations in the first trimester . Brown color vaginal discharge gives blood. Often this is a normal sign of pregnancy. However, in any case, it is just in case to consult a doctor. In general, it is necessary to pay attention to any changes in the color, odor and consistency of the selection, report them to Akuster-gynecologist.

Angina in the first trimester . Tonsillitis (inflammation of almonds) during pregnancy can be caused by viruses or bacteria (streptococcus). This is a dangerous state. First, due to the infectious and inflammatory process in the almonds, immunity is reduced, the mother's body becomes more vulnerable to other infections. Secondly, the pathogens can penetrate the fetus organism and harm him. It is better to treat tonsillitis to pregnancy, when many drugs are not contraindicated. In future mothers, drugs can be applied strictly to the appointment of a doctor. Use anti-inflammatory funds, in extreme cases - antibiotics. You can process almonds with solutions of antiseptics, carrying rinsing, apply sprays for the throat, but all this is under the control of the doctor.

What medicines can be taken?

Some drugs can be used in the first trimester of pregnancy. But this is not a reason to engage in self-medication. It is better not to take anything yourself, but always consult with your doctor. This also applies to the bid, phytopreparations: not all of them are safe for future mothers.

Таблетки и капсулы

Is it possible to take a no-shp in the first trimester? Animal experiments and assessment of statistics among pregnant women who took this drug were carried out. Scientists did not find any dangerous consequences for the embryo and fetus. But this does not mean that there can be no such side effects. Therefore, doctors prescribe a but-shp in the first and other pregnancy trimesters with caution, pre-appreciating everything for and against. It is impossible to use the drug during pregnancy in the form of injections. It is not recommended to use during breastfeeding.

Is it possible to take antibiotics in the first trimester? Some antibacterial drugs are permissible to apply during pregnancy, but not in the first trimester. If there is an opportunity, antibacterial therapy needs to be postponed to 2 and 3 trimester, and it is necessary to conduct it strictly by appointing a doctor. Some women on the first two weeks, not knowing that they are pregnant, take antibiotics, and then worry, could not have happened to happen to a future child because of this. Most likely, nothing happens, because on such an early term, the germ is not yet associated with my mother's bloodstream, and the medicine is probably not accepted into his body. But the doctor does not know about it anyway.

Bad. Not a drug.
Contraindications: Individual intolerance to the components. Before use, you must consult with a gynecologist. Do not exceed the recommended dose. BAUSH HELS LLC: 115162, Russia, Moscow, ul. Shabolovka, d. 31, p. 5. Tel. / Fax: +7 (495) 510-2879. RUS-VIT-BTF-NON-02-2021-2819. Advertising.

Test in the first week of pregnancy

The simplest and most affordable means for determining pregnancy is the test. All pregnancy tests work on the principle of determining the presence of an increased amount of human chorionic gonadotropin in the urine. Tests can be of different sensitivity and different types. The smaller the sensitivity, the earlier it will show the pregnancy. Typically, test sensitivity is 10-25 MM / ml. Depending on the type, all tests can be divided into:

  • strip tests;
  • Tests cassette;
  • inkjet tests;
  • Electronic tests.

Strip tests are the most inexpensive. They are a plastic strip on which paper impregnated with a reagent is pasted. With the elevated content of HCG in the urine, two control stripes appear on it. Of the disadvantages of tests, the strips can be noted frequent false-positive and false-negative results, the need for urine collection capacity, the inability to spend the test at any time (as it is necessary for the morning portion of urine). Cost of test strips from 3 UAH to 20 UAH per piece.

Tests cassette - average cost. They are a test strip, closed in a plastic case. Such a test should not be immersed in the urine, just a drop that is applied to the window. In the second window, either two stripes appear or a + sign. Such tests visually more aesthetic, so if you want to leave it to my memory, then it is suitable best. From the shortcomings of the tape tests, you can note the need for urine collection capacity and sterile pipette (the pipette is usually included in the kit), as well as the impossibility of spending a test anytime. The cost of the cassette test is 15-35 UAH.

Inkjet tests - expensive tests. They are a plastic tube with a window and a removable end. To use such a test, it is necessary to remove the protective cap and substitute urine under the stream. Inkjet tests can be done at any time of the day, they have the highest accuracy, no additional containers are required to use them. From the disadvantages you can note only the cost, it ranges from 30 to 50 UAH.

Electronic tests are the most expensive tests. They are a plastic case with a liquid crystal small screen. If the test is positive, then the word "pregnant" lights up on the screen, if negative, then, respectively, "not pregnant". Such a test is convenient because you do not need to pee in the reagent and seek a false-positive or false negative result. The cost of such tests is from 50 to 120 UAH.

In the main part of instructions for pregnancy tests, it is indicated that the presence of pregnancy can be determined after the first day of the delay of menstruation. But it happens that a positive result may appear before (with early ovulation) or later (at late ovulation). Therefore, with a negative result and absence of menstruation, we recommend checking the test after a few days.

trusted-source[8], [9], [10], [11]

How to determine the first week of pregnancy?

In order to determine the first week of pregnancy, you need to understand the physiology of conception. Therefore, we will begin with it. Each woman has a menstrual cycle, which can be different long. It usually ranges from 25 to 35 days. The beginning of the cycle is considered the first day of menstrual discharge, which normally last from three to seven days. Approximately in the middle of the cycle, ovulation occurs - the emission of an egg in the uterine tube. If at this moment there is a spermatozoa near the eggs, then they are merging and the embryo development begins from that moment. It turns out that women get pregnant can only on the day of ovulation? In fact, yes. But it must be remembered that the sperm in the female sexual system can retain their viability up to seven - ten days, so unprotected sexual acts allegedly in "safe" days cannot guarantee 100% non-adventure of pregnancy. Move on. If the fertilization did not happen, then the egg, moving in the uterine tube, falls into the uteros cavity, where in a few days the dies. The body, without receiving a signal of fertilization, begins to start the mechanism of the new cycle and the woman again occurs "critical" days. What happens if the fusion of the egg and spermatozoa occurred? Cells begin to rapidly share and, moving in the uterine tube, fall again to the uterine cavity. A fruit egg chooses the most "comfortable" place and immersed in the walls of the endometrium (inner membrane of the uterus), finishing blood vessels. This process is called implantation and occurs approximately on the seventh day after fertilization. From this point in the body of the woman begins to produce a hormone of pregnancy - chorionic gonadotropin of man (HCG). HCG is first rising in the blood, and after a while it can be found in the urine. Pregnancy tests are based on the appearance of hong hong in the urine and, as a rule, its promotion can be determined in 10-14 days after conception, which coincides with the latency of the menstrual cycle. Having received a positive pregnancy test, the woman goes to the female consultation and there she put a period of 4 obstetric weeks. How so? After all, in fact, at this time, conception could have happened ... The fact is that for the convenience, gynecologists apply exactly an obstetric period, and not embryonic. Obstetric period is considered from the first day of the last menstruation, and it is usually two weeks more embryonic. The embryonic period is considered from the moment of fertilization and it is most often written in the conclusions of the ultrasound. So how exactly determine the first week of pregnancy? There are several options:

  • To pass the blood to the chorionic gonadotropin of a person and already count on it (HCG increases in geometric progression every 48-72 hours) - this option will be the most accurate and it is suitable for those women who have an unstable, long or too short cycle, as well as early or late ovulation. But here you need to consider that with multiple pregnancy it will grow faster and the result can be interpreted incorrectly. The hCG will be visible a embryonic period to translate it into obstetrics need to be added 2 weeks (with a standard cycle);
  • To go to an ultrasound examination (after the ultrasound, the period can be set up to the week) - this is also an accurate option for determining the first week of pregnancy, but sometimes ultrasound before 5-6 obstetric weeks are not clear, as the fruit egg may not be visualized. According to the conclusion of the ultrasound, they speak the embryonic protrusion of the fetus to translate it into obstetrics need to be added 2 weeks;
  • Calculate yourself (if the menstrual cycle is stable) is a less accurate option. Example: The menstrual cycle of a woman is 28 days, it means that ovulation occurred about 14 days after the start of menstruation, approximately at this time there were fertilization, the CGH in the blood began to grow on 21 days and after a few days there are two strips on pregnancy test. According to this method, you can say about the exact obstetric period.

More detailed information on the analysis of hCG and ultrasound at the first weeks of pregnancy we will look at below.

Hgch in the first week of pregnancy

In order to determine the exact period at the first weeks of pregnancy or make sure that the fetus develops proper doctors, gynecologists recommend to pass the analysis on human chorionic gonadotropin in dynamics. As we wrote above, HCG begins to be produced immediately after implantation of the fetal egg in the uterus wall and grows in a geometric progression of approximately 48-74 hours. But each woman has an organism individual, therefore there is no exact number of norms, there is a so-called "corridor" of normal values. In order for analyzes on HCG informative and interpreted correctly, you need to adhere to some rules, namely:

  • take the analysis in the same laboratory;
  • take the analysis at equal periods of time (for example, every 3 days);
  • take the analysis at the same time (for example, at 10 am + - 1 hour);
  • The interpretation of the rules should be carried out according to the norms of the laboratory in which the analysis was made.

Below we will give the standard "corridor" table with minimal and maximum values ​​of HCG on days after implantation (DPI).

  • 1 dpi - 2 - 10
  • 2 dpi - 3 - 18
  • 3 DPI - 5 - 21
  • 4 DPI - 8 - 26
  • 5 DPI - 11 - 45
  • 6 DPI - 17 - 65
  • 7 DPI - 22 - 105
  • 8 dpi - 29 - 170
  • 9 dpi - 39 - 270
  • 10 dpi - 68 - 400
  • 11 DPI - 120 - 580
  • 12 dpi - 220 - 840
  • 13 dpi - 370 - 1300
  • 14 DPI - 520 - 2000
  • 15 dpi - 750 - 3100
  • 16 dpi - 1050 - 4900
  • 17 DPI - 1400 - 6200
  • 18 DPI - 1830 - 7800
  • 19 DPI - 2400 - 9800
  • 20 dpi - 4200 - 15600
  • 21 DPI - 5400 - 19500
  • 22 DPI - 7100 - 27300
  • 23 DPI - 8800 - 33000
  • 24 dp - 10500 - 40000
  • 25 dpi - 11500 - 60000
  • 26 dpi - 12800 - 63000
  • 27 DPI - 14000 - 68000
  • 28 DPI - 15500 - 70000
  • 29 DPI - 17000 - 74000
  • 30 DPI - 19000 - 78000

The growth of human chorionic gonadotropin is observed up to 8-9 obstetrics (6-7 embryonic), then the gradual decline in its value begins.

High hCG happens at:

  • the presence of multiple pregnancy;
  • inaccurate pregnancy;
  • pregnant diabetes;
  • reception of drugs that increase hCG artificially (gestagen);
  • vices and pathologies of the development of the fetus;
  • Laboratory errors.

Low hCG happens when:

  • ectopic pregnancy;
  • fetal death or underdeveloped pregnancy;
  • fruit pathology (developmental delay);
  • placental insufficiency;
  • Lab error.

If your HCG level in the first week of pregnancy does not fit into the "corridor" of the norm, do not panic ahead of time. Make additional diagnostics in the form of an ultrasound examination, which we will describe in detail below.

HCG in rare cases can be determined from non-remote women and even men. Usually it is a sign of a violation of the pituitary work (namely, the adenoma of the pituitary gland) or bubble drift. If you are not pregnant, and HCG is above the norm, then you need to urgently consult a doctor to clarify the diagnosis.

Progesterone in the first week of pregnancy

We have repeatedly remembered such a hormone as progesterone. What is this hormone and what is the function of progesterone on the first weeks of pregnancy? Progesterone is a hormone that is produced in women and men. In women, he plays one of the leading roles during pregnancy, namely:

  • prevents the contraction of the uterus during pregnancy;
  • stimulates the increase in the uterus in size under the need of the growth of the fetus;
  • prepares chest to lactation;
  • Suppresses the immunity of the mother in order not to be rejected the fetus.

Progesterone in the early deadlines is produced by a yellow body, and after 12 weeks, this role grafts the placenta. It is due to the lack of progesterone developing a yellow body most often there are spontaneous miscarriages. The norm of progesterone on the first weeks of pregnancy is 8.9-468.4 nmol / l. If the lack of this hormone is determined, progesterone-containing drugs are prescribed, namely the urbal or duphaston. They are taken as long as the placenta will not fully take the role of progesterone. Cancel these drugs gradually, as a sharp cancellation can be triggered.

Uzi at the first weeks of pregnancy

Very often, women only learning about pregnancy, immediately run to an ultrasound examination. But there is an opinion that an ultrasound in the first weeks of pregnancy is dangerous. Is it so? And when do you need to do it at all? First, let's see for what you need ultrasound at the first weeks of pregnancy. So, an ultrasound examination in the early deadlines can be appointed for:

  • determination of uterine or ectopic pregnancy;
  • definitions of multiple pregnancy;
  • setting the exact period of pregnancy;
  • Confirmation or refutation of frozen or biochemical pregnancy.

Usually, gynecological doctors prescribe an ultrasound at the first weeks of pregnancy extremely rarely, only with acute necessity, namely strange hCG indicators, pulling pains in the area of ​​the lower back, bleeding and so on. The fact is that there is an opinion that an ultrasound examination in the early deadlines is dangerous, because high-frequency waves are forced to heat the cells. And if for an adult female body heating a couple of hundred cells will not lead to any serious, then the embryo, which only began to develop, can lead to serious consequences. But this is only the theory, no one has conducted research in this sphere. Therefore, if there is a chance, for example, ectopic pregnancy, it is better to do ultrasound, as waiting can lead to the rupture of the uterine tube, bleeding and even the death of the mother.

So when to informatively do ultrasound? You can see the fetal egg not earlier than the fifth week of pregnancy (the level of hCG at the same time is 1000-2000 honey / ml). Fetal heartbeat appears on 5.5 weeks, and you can hear it on a good apparatus from 6-7 weeks. We strongly recommend to conduct an ultrasound examination earlier than 6-7 obstetric weeks (and then only if there is indications). The most secure term for the ultrasound will be the first screening, namely 12 obstetric weeks.

Signs of pregnancy in the first week

Do all pregnant women have toxicosis? What other signs of pregnancy exist? What sensations in the first week of pregnancy? We will reply to all these issues. In fact, more than half of women in the first weeks of pregnancy are completely different, they may not even suspect that they are in an interesting position. Therefore, nausea can be a sign of digestive disorder, an increase in the volume of abdomen - flatulence, fast fatigue - chronic fatigue syndrome. Only 37% of women noted the emergence of some signs of pregnancy before menstruation delayed and in the first weeks after a positive result. The most common signs of pregnancy in the first week are:

  • disgust for smells, food, nausea, vomiting;
  • Heavy swelling breasts, sensitive nipples;
  • Fast fatigue, drowsiness;
  • pulling pain at the bottom of the abdomen;
  • irritability, depression;
  • "Feeling" of pregnancy.

Due to the cutting hormonal restructuring, the woman's body begins to react inadequately sometimes on even ordinary smells. Favorite toilet water begins to be unbearable to stink, from tobacco smoke begins to nauseate, and if we go past the tray with Shawarma, then it can snatch. Also changing both preferences in food. The most favorite dish can cause disgust, but from the usual bowl with oil begin to simply flow dilutants. Some "gourmets" can love Redish with sugar or eat chocolate in a bite with sausage. Do not think that something is wrong with you - it's all the normal reaction of the body. It is even the opinion that during this period the body requires exactly what is missing, therefore it is impossible to refuse himself in some culinary delights. Naturally everything without fanaticism. In the survey of pregnant women, it was revealed that this sign of pregnancy in the first week is manifested in 46% of respondents.

Because of the increase in progesterone in the blood, very very sensitive nipples become very sensitive, the chest is "poured" and becoming very heavy. Some pregnant women note the lung tingling in the area of ​​nipples or even pain. All this is due to the restructuring of the breast on the working way. Pregnant women are recommended to wear not close, natural underwear to prevent the sorcement of the chest. Nipples on the first weeks of pregnancy can darken. Changes with breasts when pregnant surveys were marked in 50% of respondents.

Each second pregnant woman in the early deadlines complains of unbearable fatigue, drowsiness, light dizziness. These signs of pregnancy in the first week occur due to a sharp hormonal restructuring. Nature everything thought over and precisely thanks to this sign, the body gives the signal of the future mother: "Stop, do not rush, you have a more important mission, namely the baby tool." Pregnant in the first weeks need to relax more, to sleep more. This state will not last all 9 months, after the end of the first trime, everything will pass, and the forces will appear again.

One of the alarming signs of pregnancy in the first week is drawing pain at the bottom of the abdomen. This may indicate the implantation process, the uterus tone, the lack of progesterone hormone and other problems. If there are bleeding, it is necessary to urgently contact the hospital, as this may indicate the possible beginning of miscarriage. Such a sign of pregnancy in the first weeks is found in 10% of the women surveyed in position.

Everyone is known for "horror stories" about the unbalanced psyche of pregnant women. The fact is that on the first weeks of pregnancy there is a hormonal storm in the body and not always a female brain can adequately cope with this situation. Because of this, irritability, apathy and even depression may occur. To avoid such a state, you need to try to surround yourself only with positive emotions, and if you feel that already on a platoon, it is better to take sedatives (Valerian, mother-in-law) that will help bring the nervous system in order. Such a sign of pregnancy in the first weeks is observed in 41% of the women surveyed.

Also very often, women arise an amazing inexplicable feeling in the first week of pregnancy. It is described as a complete confidence that they are in position, the feeling of lightness and airiness arises. Such a reaction of the body is also explained by a sharp restructuring of the organism, namely the increase in progesterone and estradiol. This feature is found in 39% of the surveyed women in position.

Toxicosis in the first week of pregnancy

Toxicosis is a complex of symptoms that manifest themselves at the first weeks of pregnancy and, as a rule, last until twelve weeks. Toxicosis can be tolerant, but there are cases when it may be hospitalized with a strong manifestation. Usually, toxicosis is manifested by morning nausea and / or vomiting, disgusting to any food, reduced appetite, disgusting to sharp smells up to vomiting. According to the survey, approximately 50% of women suffer from early toxicosis. Doctors still can not find the cause of such a state, but statistics show that the toxicosis in the first week of pregnancy is more susceptible:

  • Women with chronic diseases;
  • Women with the problems of the gastrointestinal tract;
  • Women who have bad habits;
  • Women exposed to constant stress and having a non-normalized work schedule.

There is also the concept of late toxicosis - it is toxicosis that appears or continues after twelve weeks. Late toxicosis is also called gestosis. Gesstosis is a very dangerous state, so requires control by doctors.

How to facilitate your fate with toxicosis at the first weeks of pregnancy? To do this, it is worth observed non-hard rules:

  1. First you need to streamline your diet. Remove all fatty and sharp food from it. Featuring preferably products cooked on a pair or baked.
  2. You need to eat often, but small portions. On the day you need to have a minimum of 3 snacks (in addition to the main meal).
  3. It is impossible to go for the night, as toxicosis is most likely in the morning.
  4. In the evening it's good to go out to walk and breathe fresh air.
  5. Sleep must be full, and the running schedule is normalized.
  6. To retreat the first attack of nausea in the morning, the use of mint candy, slices of lemon or orange, sweet sugar market will fit well. Moreover, you need to eat these products without getting out of bed and slowly.

Most importantly, remember that toxicosis on the first weeks of pregnancy is a temporary phenomenon and sometimes it is necessary to just survive.

Other problems on the first weeks of pregnancy

Many women on the first weeks of pregnancy are faced with various other unpleasant manifestations, such as: belching, heartburn, constipation, or on the contrary, the disorder of the stomach, dizziness, acne and others. All these problems are often associated with the hormonal perestroika of the body. The most frequent unpleasant phenomenon, with which a woman faces position is a heartburn. It appears due to changes in the position of the stomach and from it you can get rid of drugs against heartburn, such as Renny, Enterosgel, Pocheevsky pills from heartburn, etc. The next no less frequent problem is constipation. They also arise as a result of the intestinal pensing due to an increase in the size of the uterus. Credit with constipation will help food rich in fiber, as well as prunes, compote from plums, beets and other weak products. The stomach disorder occurs not so often, but from it you can get rid of the use of fixing products such as: rice, apples with banana, etc. Dizziness on the first weeks of pregnancy can be caused by low hemoglobin. You can increase it by drinking boiled beef, fried liver, pomegranate juice, baked apples of the Antonovka variety. Acne (acne) appear due to a sharp increase in progesterone and women subject to rash, unfortunately, is not so easy to deal with them. But they disappear without a trace after childbirth.

What to do in the first weeks of pregnancy?

Here you saw your "striped" test, pleased our husband and thought, but what to do in the first weeks of pregnancy? Yes, nothing, continue to live and enjoy life, rejoice in your position, arrange your diet, removing the harmful products and alcohol, do not overturn at work and less nervous. Approximately 6-7 obstetrics (delay of 2-3 weeks) sign up for admission to female consultation to the district gynecologist for registration. When registration, the Gynecologist will lead to a special exchange card, which will record all your appearance in women's consultation, all the information about pregnancy, to reinforce the analyzes and ultrasound surveys. The exchange card is advised to have always with you, since it contains the entire history of pregnancy and when calling soon this information will be very relevant.

What do in the first admission in women's consultation at the first weeks of pregnancy? The gynecologist carefully examines your history carefully, clarifies the diseases of your family, measures and records the parameters (weight, growth, abdomen, the height of the uterus, the size of the uterus, the sizes of the pelvis), measures pressure and pulse, if necessary, sends to an ultrasound examination. Also on the first turnkey, you will receive directions for testing: General blood test, general urine analysis, biochemistry of blood, bacteriological analysis of urine, HIV, syphilis, hepatitis C, group of blood and a rear factor, as well as analysis on antibodies to Torch infections ( Toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes). When registering a gynecologist takes on the chair of the smear from the vagina and cervix, to determine the flora and surveys the cytological picture of the cervix. Some women are very afraid of manual inspection at the first weeks of pregnancy. And it is in vain. The gynecologist, understanding the situation, will make this procedure extremely carefully. Also, a gynecologist gives recommendations and assigns the next turnout (if everything is normal, then usually in a month).

Dangerous symptoms on the first weeks of pregnancy

It happens that in the first weeks of pregnancy, alarming symptoms appear, which may indicate some problems. In order not to miss the possible problem, you need to contact a gynecologist if:

  • pulls the belly;
  • hurts lower back;
  • There was a mastery;
  • went monthly;
  • Bleeding began.

If the belly is drawn in the first week of pregnancy, then this may indicate a tone of the uterus or ectopic pregnancy. With a large tone of the uterus there is a threat of miscarriage, so urgently need to consult a doctor. If it is not possible to get to the doctor, you can have urgent help. In such cases, they are prescribed a but-pieces in pills and candles of papaverine. They will remove the tone. At the same time, it is necessary to observe peace and lay more. But if the pain disappeared - this does not mean that you need to postpone the visit to the gynecologist. With ectopic pregnancy, there is a possibility of breaking the uterine pipe and bleeding, so it's not worth joking with this symptom.

If there are pains in the lower back in the first week of pregnancy, then this may also be an indicator of tone or ectopic pregnancy. But most often such pains may be because the ligaments are stretched due to a sharp increase in progesterone hormone. According to statistics, such pains arise in women prone to Has.

Mazne at the first weeks of pregnancy most often occurs on the day of the estimated monthly. This may indicate a lack of progesterone hormone and may entail serious consequences in the form of frozen pregnancy or miscarriage. When the masculine began, you should urgently go to the doctor. Usually, with such a dangerous symptom, they are sent to the hospital and prescribe supporting therapy in the form of hemostatic drugs (transcases), progesterone containing drugs (uremines, duphaston), spasmolitics (but-shpa, papaverine) and sedatives (Valerian, Magna B6).

If the first weeks of pregnancy went monthly, then this is also a dangerous symptom. The fact is that with a proper hormonal background and normally flowing pregnancy, the menstrual cycle is simply impossible. There are, of course, a lot of examples when pregnant women began to periodically, and everything was fine, but any sensible gynecologist will call this threat of miscarriage. Blood sections may indicate a detachment of placenta, ectopic pregnancy or spontaneous miscarriage.

Bleeding on the first weeks of pregnancy is very dangerous and it most often happens with ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage. If you have started bleeding, you need to urgently cause ambulance and go to the hospital.

trusted-source[12], [13], [14], [15], [16]

Lifestyle at the first weeks of pregnancy

It is often said that pregnancy is not a disease, so you need to lead the most common lifestyle. But in fact, many questions arise regarding what it is possible, and what is impossible. We will try to answer the most common questions regarding the lifestyle at the first weeks of pregnancy.

Is it possible to play sports at the first weeks of pregnancy?

Sport sport Return. If you are fighting or boxing, heavy rods are tight or engaged in weightlifting, then you better leave this sport until you give you to time. But if you are engaged in a swimming, light fitness or gymnastics, then you can do this in the sport and even need, but only if pregnancy is without threats and tone. But we extremely recommend to reduce physical load and listen to their body. If there are pulling pain at the bottom of the abdomen, the back pain, then do not be engaged safer.

trusted-source[17], [18]

Is it possible to go to the bath at the first weeks of pregnancy?

Walking to the bath is not recommended on any gestation period, and especially in the first weeks. In the bath increases the total body temperature, and this may adversely affect the development of the fetus. In addition, the pulse rises in the bath and the pressure, which, accordingly, leads to the increase in the pulse in the child. It is also not recommended to take hot baths. They can provoke bleeding.

trusted-source[19], [20], [21]

Is it possible to have sex in the first weeks of pregnancy?

If there are no threats and tone, you can do sex and even useful. It has been proven that the sperm, contacting with the neck of the uterus, perfectly increases its elasticity, and this has a positive effect during childbirth. In addition, endorphins appear in blood in the blood - the hormones of pleasure that balance the mental state of pregnant. But if there is a tone of the uterus, then the achievement of the orgasm can provoke even more tone, so in such cases it is necessary to refrain from sexual intercourse.

trusted-source[22], [23]

What is preferably powered by the first weeks of pregnancy?

In the absence of toxicosis, an increased appetite in the first week of pregnancy is observed. It is logical, since the body consumes much more energy to build a new organism. Therefore, during this period, food must be balanced and as healthy as possible. It is advisable to exclude fried and very fatty foods, mayonnaise, fast food, coffee. Less consuming frankly chemical products, such as carbonated sweet water, bright color candy and so on. More to eat fruit, vegetables, whole grain cereals, dairy products. Products are best prepared for a couple or bake in the oven. Do not forget about fish day, as it contains phosphorus, which helps to avoid seizures.

What are the vitamins in the first weeks of pregnancy?

Once you have learned about pregnancy, it is desirable to start taking special complex vitamins for pregnant women. They contain the optimal daily rate of vitamins and the microelements of the necessary for normal growth and development of the fetus. An example of such vitamins can be: Elevit, Vitrum Prontash, Prognavit, Mantane, Multi Tabs Ponathal, Prankaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa

Can X-ray on the first weeks of pregnancy?

We are extremely recommended to make X-rays on the first weeks of pregnancy. But there are situations where it is impossible to avoid this procedure. Then it is necessary to warn a laboratory director of the Cabinet X-ray about its position, then you will be given a special lead apron, which will protect the fetus from X-ray radiation. Fluorography is also not recommended (only in case of extreme need).

trusted-source[24], [25], [26], [27], [28], [29], [30]

Is it possible to drink alcohol on the first weeks of pregnancy?

At the first weeks of pregnancy, alcohol is contraindicated, since all organs and systems are formed in the first trimester. But there are cases when the future mother used the alcohol, still not guessing her pregnancy. In this case, as they say, "after the battle, the fists are not masted." Stress sometimes can harm much more than drinking alcohol.

trusted-source[31], [32], [33]

What to do with stress at the first weeks of pregnancy?

Stress is very negatively affecting the development of the fetus and the state of the mother as a whole. It can provoke an increased tone, changing blood pressure, raising the pulse and much more. There is even such a belief that the smaller the mother is nervous during pregnancy, the more calm child will be after delivery. What a woman should make to reduce the risk for a child if she rehearsed hard. The first-aid kit always needs to have sedatives. Valerian and dyeing are considered harmless to pregnant women. You can also daily for the prevention of drinking mint tea. Very well help for removing the stress of aroma lamp with essential oils of orange, lavender, neroli, chamomiles.

Very often the women call me, with such questions: "I learned that I was pregnant, where to start? What to do? Where to run? What to take? " I decided to make it easier to write a detailed short guide than telling everything every time.

This article is your fast guide to a new country for you - "Pregnancy". This then you will learn everything you can and will be great oriented in all signs and states. In the meantime, I give you fast, short advice - what to do what to throw, what are and drinking which vitamins to take and others.

So, the 15 first steps:

First - do a pregnancy test and hand over blood for hgch

At first suspicions, we make a pregnancy test, start doing it no earlier than 1-2 weeks of delay of menstruation. Previously, he can show anything.

Take 2-3 different tests at once, not the cheapest manufacturers. If you are pregnant, the test will show it. Read my article about reliable pregnancy tests in the early stages.

If there are doubts, it is possible to pass blood on a hormone, highlighted by a fruit egg - chorioganadotropin (HCG).

It is important not to do ultrasound to determine pregnancy!

For some reason, everyone immediately seems to be running on the ultrasound and put up. This is not true!

Ultrasound - very strongly affects the embryo, and it is possible to do it no earlier than 12 weeks.  

To accurately make sure that you are pregnant, it is enough to pass blood on hgch. This is a very accurate analysis and no interference in the development of the fetus.

Secondly - tell us my husband and native

After you exactly make sure that you are pregnant, you can tell my husband and relatives about your happiness. If the pregnancy is unplanned, be patient and delicate.

Tell us first my husband, better in writing, leave a note in the morning, write that you are pregnant and discuss all the evening. Give him time to come to my senses from this news. Then you can also tell my relatives.

Who to tell - to solve you. But many girls do so - until 3-4 months toll only the most closest, and there they say everything.

I think this is a fully justified decision, the first trimester is usually the most important and complicated and for the baby and for you.

Third - Change the pace of life

Of course, pregnancy will require you changes from your rhythm and lifestyle. First of all, exhale and relax.

100% of all future mothers feel tension, fear and uncertainty in the first days of pregnancy. And it is natural, do not blame yourself in this.

You are standing on the threshold of great change and do not know yet, cope with them or not. But you have to get used to eat even 9 months.

Although I know by experience, The feelings of future motherhood will come in the second trimester And when you feel the first chapels of the child, you will understand how much the motherhood feeling is in you, and how natural this process is natural.

Always slow down your temp - Try to rest more and more often. There is a minute - sit, but better even lie.

у камина

I often hear, and how to relax - still painted - no minute there is no time from where to take time. The answer is simple and at the same time very complicated - throw away everything too much. And what is not superfluous - sleep, food, water.

Everything else can be discarded or postponed: a cafe with girlfriend, phone calls, work, home affairs, movies, books, purchases. Be patient until the 2nd trimester, it will be easier there, and You can catch everything .

Moreover, your body will help you in this, in the first trimester, all moms complain about very high fatigue and a constant desire to sleep.

Fourth - urgently stop smoking and taking alcohol

As soon as they found out about pregnancy, Still urgently - smoke, taking alcohol Even in small doses, even wine and beer. The consequences can be absolutely not predictable.

Every day of the first trimester is a huge work, the cells of the embryo are divided with an incredible speed, the base of all organs, systems, cells and tissues is laid. Any interference in this process - can cause great harm.

Fifth - stop taking medication and any treatment

If you take some drugs, go through or are going to undergo treatment - Urgently stop.

Go to your doctor in the female consultation and tell you what drugs you are taking, the doctor will change the treatment method.

Any indisposition during pregnancy you will be treated not as you used to do it, so you feel signs of colds, do not run for Fernex or aspirin.

Most of the drugs During pregnancy it is impossible!

Look in section "Encyclopedia of drugs and herbs" You can find the answer there to the question whether it is possible to accept this or that medicine during pregnancy.

Sixth - Start carefully listen to yourself

Pregnancy is a time when you hear your inner voice more clearly. He protects you from all the harmful and dangerous.

Listen to everything he says unconditionally.

Pulls to wrap hever - do, despite the opinions of others. Pulls to sleep - jogging. Suddenly there was a unpleasant person or a whole family, the smell - Well, come back to them after childbirth.

Keep and protect your body like a temple!

Seventh - Suspend sports

If you have been engaged in some sport before pregnancy, suspend all classes. (Including running, ride a bike, riding a horse, tennis, hiking, aerobics, fitness, classes in the gym and, of course, all kinds of professional sports.)

During pregnancy, you can dance (all dancing, except for sports) to make gymnastics for pregnant women, swim, do some asians from yoga.

Eighth - Start folic acid

In the first trimester, it is very important to take folic acid, since it is she who will lay out the basis of the correct development and formation of the brain and the entire nervous system of the kid.

However, I advise you to take Folic acid is not in tablets as is customary, but only from food sources .

The fact is that, according to the latest research, artificially synthesized pill with folic acid tablets do not have the necessary positive action, their activity and strength fluctuates within 10% of the relics that a simple spinach can give.

In addition, American scientists have proven the relationship between taking tablets, in which there are folic acid, and the occurrence of breast cancer between 40-50.

We will talk about vitamins of natural and artificial in more detail in the section of food, a separate block of articles will be devoted to this.

So, Folic acid you will receive only from greenery and vegetables, taking into account the fact that you need to receive at least 400 μg per day.

The content of folic acid in products of plant origin:

Product

Perolithic acid content of 100 gr

How to eat?
Masha, raw

625 μg

In the form of seedlings adding to salads
Lentil, crude

479 μg

In the form of seedlings adding to salads
Beans, crude

394 μg

In the form of seedlings adding to salads
Gestroined wheat (embryos)

281 μg

In seedlings, adding to the cocktail, in salads
Raw sunflower seeds

227 μg

As is, adding to salads, in cocktails
Spinach (raw)

194 μg

As is, adding to salads, in cocktails
Parsley dill

150 μg

As is, adding to salads, in cocktails
Beet (raw)

109 μg

In juices, in a salad - in the raw form
Bitter pepper

106 μg

Adding to salads
Sea cabbage

180 μg

In the form of salat

What recipes i can posh Essential to saturate yourself and your baby folic acid?

- So, the very first is a green cocktail with spinach (1-2 beam) and seedlings (greens) wheat (daily 0.5-1 liter). Alternating spinach with parsley every 2-3 days.

- Fresh carrot and beet juice (daily 0.2-0.5 liters)

- Salads with seedlings of beans, Masha, green peas (only raw canned), colored and white cabbage, tomato.

Ninth - Turn on the rations containing calcium

Calcium in the body is not only the material from which the human bone tissue is a skeleton, teeth, bone, and so on. Calcium participates in a huge number of processes in the body, More than 179 organism functions are known. For which calcium meets.

Calcium influences:

  • to work all the muscles of a person
  • affects the work of the heart muscle and the regulation of heart rhythm
  • is one of the factors of blood coagulation
  • Participates in the process of the formation of antallergic protection of the body
  • Remove pain syndrome
  • Exhibits anti-inflammatory action
  • affects immune processes
  • normalizes the function of the endocrine glands
  • Participates in the transfer of nerve impulses

In the body of a pregnant woman, calcium lack increases the risk of miscarriage and premature genera, hypertension and the development of other complications - eclampsia, postpartum bleeding, etc.

It is clear that calcium is needed to a person not only during pregnancy, but also in ordinary life. Your norm per day is 1500 mg calcium per day.

However, contrary to the common opinion of calcium You can not get with the help of tablets, additives, you can not get calcium from water, milk, cheese, sour cream and other .

According to the latest research on Calcium in water, tablets, mineral additives is an inorganic calcium, which is not absorbed by the body, moreover is postponed in the most different parts of the body, causing a lot of problems.

Milk, cheese, sour cream not only do not add calcium, but also wash it out of bones.

You can read in detail about calcium in these two articles:

Calcium during pregnancy: truth and dangerous errors

What to eat so that calcium get!

So, your calcium rate you must receive here from these products:

Product

CA content at 100 gr

How to eat?

Raw seeds of sesame

975 mg

In the form of sesame milk or adding to salads
Raw sunflower seeds

280 mg

You can dock for 1-2 hours and eat, either add to salad, cocktail
Almond, raw

269 ​​mg

As it is, in raw form
Shipovnik

257 mg

In the form of tincture on cold water
Dill

208 mg

As is, adding to salads, in cocktails
Top Dips

190 mg.

As is, adding to salads, in cocktails
Garlic

181 mg

As it is, adding to salads
Basil fresh

177 mg

As is, adding to salads, in cocktails
Sea cabbage

168 mg

In raw form like salad
Figure dried

162 mg

As it is
Algae "Vakam"

150 mg

In raw form like salad
Bitter pepper

148 mg

How is it in raw form, add to salads
Beans, crude

143 mg

Germinate and eat in raw form by adding to salads
Beans, crude

143 mg

Germinate and eat in raw form by adding to salads
Parsley

138 mg

As is, adding to salads, in cocktails
Lemon

134 mg

As it is, adding to salads
Masha, raw

132 mg

Germinate and eat in raw form by adding to salads
Top beet

117 mg.

As is, adding to salads, in cocktails
Hazelnut, raw

114 mg

As it is

Recipes:

- Sesame milk

- Cabbage salad, with celery, onion, seeds, basil

- Green cocktail

All these recipes are in the article - what to eat so that calcium get!

Tenth - Turn on the rations containing iodine

Iodine during pregnancy is very important, as it affects the work of the thyroid gland, which provides the body with hormones.

The first 4 weeks and you, and the baby are developing, and live at the expense of your hormones (mother hormones), which strongly produces the thyroid, at 16 weeks - placenta comes to the rescue.

Therefore, the first 3 months should be monitored so that the iodine fall into the body is at least 250 mg daily.

The daily share of iodine will provide a marine cauldron, it contains from 500 to 3000 mg of iodine per 100 grams of the product.

The product's name

The content of iodine VMG per 100g product

Sea cabbage (algae)

500-3000

You can eat it both as salad and dried, swinging and adding into ready-made vegetable salads.

Eleventh - N. E Take any vitamins!

Recent studies in which more than 15,000 pregnant women participated, did not confirm the benefits of taking vitamins.

It was proved that vitamins are medicines, and not an additive to food, it is necessary to take them, only if the results of the analysis found out that there is not enough vitamin, they were prescribed - all.

You can not simply "drink" for health, many of them do not benefit, some are simply not absorbed, but some kind of harm.

Vitamins need to receive from food.

Your vitamins for all 9 months are vegetables, fruits and greens:

In detail about vitamins in the article: "Should every pregnant take vitamins? Opinion of scientists "

Twelve - review your diet

We will talk in detail about nutrition in the "Nutrition" section, on this topic I will write a lot of important items because changing your food, you are able to restore yourself completely, get rid of diseases, complications, and prevent all unnecessary diseases in the future with your baby.

All is listed all that you need to eat to fill the organism with folic acid, calcium, iodine and vitamins. Boldly take the products listed, make up your diet of them.

But remember a few Gold power rules:

  1. You do not need to eat for two, the child is only enough. No need to increase food substantially. The phrase "Eat for two" is not true! Eat as it asks the body, but do not indulge all your desires overly. If your pregnancy is accompanied by nausea and vomiting (vomiting no more than 3-4 times a day and you do not lose weight - this is normal) and you are almost nothing, do not be afraid, it does not hurt the child, it is still developing at the expense of your stocks.
  2. Your diet should consist of: 80% of vegetables, fruits and greens.
  3. Fruits and berries need to eat separately from any other food and preferably in the morning.
  4. Every day there should be a lot of greenery in your diet. 0.5-1 liter of green cocktail is the key to your happiness and health before - during - and after pregnancy.
  5. Vegetables need only in the raw form, since when cooking, they lose most of their vitamins.
  6. It is necessary to remove the animal protein From your diet, it applies to meat, fish, birds, eggs, milk and all milk products.
  7. It is impossible to drink water / juice / tea and other liquids during meals and immediately after. Drink a glass of clean water 20 minutes before meals or 1 hour after meals.
  8. Do not run on sweet and flour, type: cookies, lumps, bread, candies, gingerbread and TP. Instead, try to eat sweet fruits or dried fruits, in the extreme case pure chocolate.
  9. Stop drinking carbonated juices and drinks: Cola, Phanto and all this. Read the label, there is nothing natural except for water, the rest of the chemical compounds that you never will be digested, but will only spend the body's forces on their conclusion. In addition, all carbonated drinks are forced to wash out calcium from your bones, teeth and nails, as well as baby bones.
  10. Stop eat canned food, sausages, jams, pies, stuffing. The composition of each canned product includes a mass of chemistry, and it is not known anyone how it will affect you.
  11. Forget about the microwave oven, it destroys not only all useful vitamins, but also changes the chemical composition of food!
  12. Avoid excessive salt use, and it is better to refuse it at all. This step will help save your kidneys and prevent such complications of pregnancy as high pressure, preeclampsia and eclampsia.
  13. Herbs, herbal tinctures and infusions are also medications, so do not take them just so without clear recommendations. For example, nettle has the strongest action - causes contractions, which is useful only after delivery to remove the last and all over the uterus, but not during pregnancy.

Thirteenth - Drink water!

Daily drink 1.5-2 liters of water. Please watch this very carefully. In ordinary life, we barely drink, mostly tea, coffee, juices, soups, but not water.

However, all drinks, pure water feed is a food for our body.

Only the water is immediately absorbed into the blood, diving it, Helps to carry oxygen , and all substances cells.

With a reduced amount of water in the bloodstream (if drinking a glass per day), the microscope shows that the erythrocytes stick together and "float" not one by one, but a chain. In this form, the erythrocytes do not tolerate enough oxygen.

Because one erythrocyte should be surrounded by oxygen if it is slipping with others it simply does not have a free space where oxygen atoms could attached.

Blood is thickened, blood flow slows down, organs and tissues suffer from hypoxia. We feel weak, headache, fatigue, lethargy.

During pregnancy, water is infinitely important Little thing is that it increases by 40% of your blood, so the water is needed even to fill the child's pool (the communal bag) to constantly clean it and update water in it, because the mother's body will lead everything for himself and for the kid .

Therefore, we carry with you everywhere the bottle of water and teach yourself to drink as much as possible.

Water sometimes creates just miracles - if they have bothered, all day you can drink only clean water and nothing more, the disease passes in 1-2 days completely, if they are tired after some loads - increase the amount of water the next day, you will restore in 3-5 Once faster.

At the beginning, I know by myself, drinking water as it would not want, one glass is hardly drinking. Everything pulls on something sweet, carbonated. But the time passes (5-10 days) and you feel that nothing except water does not want.

Fourteenth - stand up

Next, you need to find a place where you will take tests and where you will be given all the necessary documents (sick leave, exchange card). It may be a female consultation or any paid clinic who has a state license for the provision of "obstetric and gynecology" services.

In the LCD all analyzes will be free, but on this, perhaps the benefits and end. In a paid clinic less queues, more attention to you, better equipment. It will be convenient to visit the doctor for a period of 12 weeks, then you can make an inspection, pass all the necessary analyzes and make an ultrasound.

The fifteenth - Look at the transfer of pregnancy

I recommend to watch Elegant scientific films BBC "Life before birth" 1 and 2 parts, in my opinion - are the best films about pregnancy.

It's still all you need! If you have any questions, please write in the comments to this article, I will be glad to answer you.

Last updated: 05/18/2020

Doctor obstetrician gynecologist of the highest category

Head of the gynecological separation of a network of multidisciplinary clinics "Medgard-Saratov"

The birth of a healthy child begins with a healthy pregnancy.

здоровая беременность
One of the most important tasks that the future mother can fulfill the baby for his future is to prepare his body to the birth of a child and get good prenatal care and observation.

Preparation of a woman to pregnancy

To keep pregnancy to be full, at the first signs of this particular state, a woman should sign up for a doctor and stand in an early term for accounting in the women's consultation. From the moment of registering and before the beginning of the childbirth, a woman maintains pregnancy must carry out a certified specialist.

Dorodal care

Regular prenatal care increases your chances to give birth to a healthy child.

Maintaining pregnancy is a specialized form of medical care to a woman who is obtained throughout the pregnancy. The goal of high-quality prenatal observation is to identify potential problems and complications in the early stages, as well as the prevention of these complications, if possible (through specialized medical care, recommendations on a healthy lifestyle, adequate nutrition, physical exercises, the right appointment of vitamins).

дородовый уход
In case of detection of deviations, the tactics of pregnancy depends on their severity and the degree of risk for the mother and the fetus. If a woman has health problems or a high risk of complications during pregnancy and childbirth, a woman examines more often and pregnancy is different.

Regular prenatal care for normal pregnancy

With a physiologically flowing pregnancy, a woman recommends an individual schedule of pregnancy, which is painted on all three trimesters. It contains the frequency of visits to the doctor, the order of delivery of the necessary analyzes and surveys, the frequency of consultation of narrow specialists.

Before each visit to the gynecologist, a woman leases urine analysis, which allows you to control the work of the kidneys. During each reception, a specialist weighed a woman, measures blood pressure, pulse, from 14-15 weeks determines the tone of the uterus and measures the abdomen's circumference, from the second trimester, the doctor begins to listen and control the palpitation of the fetus. Visits to the doctor will become more frequent when the date of delivery will be approached.

  • The overall visits schedule looks like this:

  • Monthly inspection by a doctor during the first two trimesters (inclusive until the 28th week).

  • From the 28th to the 36th week of pregnancy, a woman visits women's advice once every two weeks.

From the 36th week, a woman is inspected by a gynecologist every week.

Maintaining pregnancy with the Mandatory Medical Insurance Program gives the right to make a specialized medical care throughout pregnancy and childbirth for free.

беременность
There is a voluntary health insurance program where pregnancy and childbirth is paid. In this case, pregnancy is carried out in a private clinic or the center that have licenses. Maintaining pregnancy at DMS is on average 50,000 rubles.

First visit to the gynecologist during pregnancy

First visit to the gynecologist

анализ крови
The first visit to the doctor in female consultation will be longer than the next. Pregnancy is confirmed with gynecological examination and during ultrasound diagnostics. Gynecological inspection will help the doctor to evaluate the condition of the mucous membrane of the vagina and the cervix, determine the position and size of the uterus and more accurately calculate the term of pregnancy. During the primary gynecological examination, the doctor takes a stroke of the cervix to check for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In addition to this, the growth and weight of a woman is recorded, arterial pressure is monitored, the condition and development of the mammary glands is estimated, the size of the pelvis is determined. The urine analysis allows you to define sugar and protein in the urine, infectious inflammatory processes in the kidneys and hormonal deviations. Blood analysis is necessary to identify inflammatory processes in the body, diagnose anemia, determine the blood group and a rhesus factor, to check blood coagulation, determine the presence of antibodies to syphilis, hepatitis B and C, HIV screening.

Blood test during pregnancy

With ultrasound examination, the doctor diagnoses the pregnancy itself, assesses the possible risks for the mother (for example, a starting miscarriage, an ectopic pregnancy or a state of multiple pregnancy) and the fetus: checks the presence of malfunction (for example, closure, split spine, wolf fall), the doctor can diagnose the intrauterine delay Development, draws attention to the development of the parts of the fetus body, checks the condition of the octoperwater and umbilical umbilical. Ultrasound examination is carried out three times throughout the pregnancy: on July 11-12, 20-24 weeks and 30-32 weeks. The doctor may recommend an additional ultrasound study in case of detection during pregnancy.

Opinion expert

One of the optional, but desirable studies is a prenatal genetic screening. This is a non-invasive screening test that helps determine how large the risk of genetic anomalies and malformations in the fetus (Down syndrome, trisomy 18, Patau syndrome, a nervous tube defect). Doctor obstetrician gynecologist of the highest category

Oksana Anatolyevna Garthleb

осложненная беременность
Usually such a test is carried out for 12 weeks of pregnancy. Positive screening tests require additional research. At a higher risk of genetic defects, doctors prescribe a fence of the chorion villion, and at relatively low risk, amneenocentsis is carried out. Both tests are safe. Test biopsy Village chorion is more informative, as it is performed a little earlier amniocente.

Conducting complicated pregnancy

Conducting complicated pregnancy

Pregnancy does not always go smoothly and can be complicated by many pathological conditions. Maintaining complex pregnancy requires special attention. A good doctor will be able to diagnose these changes on time and significantly reduce the risk of complications.

To serious pregnancy complications include miscarriage, premature birth, the break of the fetal shells, stillwomen. Complications may occur at any stage of pregnancy, during childbirth or after childbirth.

Okusher-gynecologist Dorin Munnyang on pregnancy. Source - Sexrfru.

Approximately 2-5% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes. This is one of the forms of diabetes, in which the body does not produce a sufficient amount of insulin and blood glucose levels significantly increases, which leads to serious health problems. Screening of this disease is usually carried out in the second trimester between 24 and 28 weeks.

If gestational diabetes is diagnosed on time and is treated, the risk of complications is small.
давление при беременности
Women with gestation diabetes can have healthy children, diabetes itself should disappear after delivery.

High blood pressure during pregnancy

During pregnancy, high blood pressure is a frequent phenomenon. Hypertensive crises are extremely dangerous for a woman and child and can lead to such serious complications as guest glands, placental detachable, spontaneous abortion and delay of intrauterine development of the fetus.

Preeclampsia is a serious illness, which, according to statistics, is found in 5% of pregnant women. High blood pressure and impaired kidney function are general risk indicators of preeclampsia. Given the serious consequences of this complication, screening begins to be conducted from the very beginning of pregnancy and pregnancy is carried out in the hospital.
Preeclampsia is a serious illness, which, according to statistics, is found in 5% of pregnant women. High blood pressure and impaired kidney function are general risk indicators of preeclampsia. Given the serious consequences of this complication, screening begins to be conducted from the very beginning of pregnancy and pregnancy is carried out in the hospital.

Birth statistics for children

Asymptomatic bacteriuria complicates from 2% to 7% of pregnancies.

With ultrasound examination, the doctor diagnoses the pregnancy itself, assesses the possible risks for the mother (for example, a starting miscarriage, an ectopic pregnancy or a state of multiple pregnancy) and the fetus: checks the presence of malfunction (for example, closure, split spine, wolf fall), the doctor can diagnose the intrauterine delay Development, draws attention to the development of the parts of the fetus body, checks the condition of the octoperwater and umbilical umbilical. Ultrasound examination is carried out three times throughout the pregnancy: on July 11-12, 20-24 weeks and 30-32 weeks. The doctor may recommend an additional ultrasound study in case of detection during pregnancy.

All pregnant women should be screening and treatment between 11 and 16 weeks of pregnancy to reduce the risk of recurrence of urinary tract infection, pyelonephritis and premature birth.

One of the optional, but desirable studies is a prenatal genetic screening. This is a non-invasive screening test that helps determine how large the risk of genetic anomalies and malformations in the fetus (Down syndrome, trisomy 18, Patau syndrome, a nervous tube defect). Doctor obstetrician gynecologist of the highest category

Often, during pregnancy, specific and non-specific infectious inflammatory diseases are diagnosed. These diseases can be transmitted from the mother to the child transplascentary or during the childbirth themselves. Completed by stillbirth, low weight at birth, premature childbirth. Symptoms and flow depend on the causative agent of infection.

Often there is an asymptomatic course of infection, so the screening on the STI is important. One of the means recommended for integrated therapy in sexually transmitted infections is an intimate gel "Ginokomfort". The gel was a number of clinical trials, during which their absolute security during pregnancy was proved. Gelokomfort gel will help to normalize the vagina microflora and eliminate the unpleasant sensations (itching, discharge from the vagina).

  1. Common symptoms of complicated pregnancy

  2. Bleeding or the leakage of spindle water.

  3. Pronounced swelling of the face, hands or fingers.

  4. Pronounced and prolonged headaches, dizziness.

  5. Discomfort, pain or sensation of battle at the bottom of the abdomen.

  6. Fever, chills.

  7. Permanent vomiting or nausea.

  8. Discomfort, pain or burning in urination.

Violation.

Maintaining pathology of pregnancy

Pregnancy and treatment will depend on the type of complication and pathological processes arising during pregnancy.

беременность
Includes: careful monitoring, bedding, hospitalization in the stationary department, changes and restrictions in the diet, drug therapy.

Medical examination when conducting healthy pregnancy

Pregnancy and childbirth

Since registered for each woman, a exchange card is issued, which indicates the personal data of women, the results of all analyzes conducted and surveys, data on the course of pregnancy itself, as giving birth, information about the newborn baby. At the beginning of the alleged period of childbirth, the exchange card is transferred to the maternity hospital. From the third trimester, each woman is given a generic certificate, which gives the right to choose their own hospital.

With a healthy pregnancy, childbirth occurs for 37-41 weeks.

If a woman has the first signs of labor activities, she independently or caused the ambulance brigade heading to the maternity hospital.

Maintaining pregnancy in the 3 trimester and childbirth depends on the pregnancy itself.

Conducting birth is specialized assistance to a woman and child at the entire stage of labor.
  1. Sources:
  2. Guide on outpatient polyclinic assistance in obstetrics and gynecology. Radzinsky V.E., Plipskaya V.N., Kulakov V.I. Publisher: Gootar Media. - 2007.
  3. Sugar diabetes in pregnant women. Makarov O.V. - 2010.
  4. Women's consultation. Guide. Editor: Radzinsky V.E. Publisher: Gootar Media. - 2009.

Preeclampsia and chronic arterial hypertension. Clinical aspects. Makarov O.V., Tkacheva O.N., Volkova E.V. Publisher: Gootar Media.

Popular questions I have a pregnancy 8-9 weeks. Urgently need help, I have constipation, tell me, please, what can I get a laxative?

During pregnancy, it is very important to monitor the regularity of the chair, as the constipation can provoke a threat to the abortion of pregnancy. For correction, used: miniral water with magnesium, drugs with lactulose, microlax, etc. In each case, the combination of drugs is selected individually. This question is solved with a gastroenterologist. Pregnancy 35 weeks. Already 6 days periodic contractions leading to the active cleaning of the body. Today weighed - minus 3 kg. To the doctor on Monday. Go to the hospital or is it normal?

You should contact the family to assess the risk of premature birth.

Hello, I am pregnant, the term of 6 weeks, was at the reception of the gynecologist 2 days ago. I was informed that there is a threat of miscarriage and appointed a drug overlooked 200 mg paid a day at the day in intravaginal, applied on the same day at night before bedtime, and in the afternoon I had another gynecologist to make sure how the threat is serious, but there were no threat, but there were no threat And all these pains because of the back. Utzenodan I already accept 2 days, they said that it is impossible to sharply interrupt, but from this drug I do not sleep 2 days, constant dizziness, nausea and pre-corrupt state, also burning and discomfort. I would like to know how to complete the reception of the drug as soon as possible?

Hello! To clarify the diagnosis of the abortion of pregnancy, an ultrasound is carried out, where there is a tone of the uterus, the form of a fetal egg is estimated. The complaints described by you may not only be applied to the side effects of the drug, but also accompany pregnancy to 12 weeks. With the attending doctor, it is necessary to talk to the replacement of the drug on the tableted form, just follow the survey of the flora to the flora, the overall analysis of urine, a general blood test, biochemical analysis. Hello, I'm pregnant, 13 weeks. At the moment they hurt the left side and the bottom of the abdomen, what to do?

Hello! The appearance of pain of any nature during pregnancy requires an urgent appeal to the akushar-gynecologist to determine the cause and elimination of pain. Pains may mean the threat of pregnancy interruption, and may be associated with other diseases, such as intestines, kidneys, spine, etc. In any case, pain must be eliminated.

For accurate diagnostics, contact a specialist

The most trembling and wonderful period of time for many women is pregnancy. Someone this news brings true happiness, and someone can cause panic or fear. Therefore, it is better to learn about it as soon as possible and take for yourself the right decision.

How pregnancy begins

Pregnancy occurs directly after conception. However, it may be possible only if the process of ovulation occurred in the woman's body.

Ovulation in woman

Ovulation is a process in which a ripe new egg leaving the ovary to the uterine tube. Women ovulation occurs approximately 14 days before the new menstruation. The egg leaf lives 12-36 hours after it came out of the ovary.

At a completely accurately, from a physiological point of view, it can be argued that the conception is possible only during the period of ovulation, which lasts in the body of a woman is only up to 36 hours. Taking into account the preservation of the viability of the sperm up to several days, more favorable for conception is considered 2-3 days before and 2-3 days after ovulation.

On the other days, the probability of conception is no higher than 15%. Exceptions can be an irregular cycle, as a result, floating ovulation or a rare phenomenon - double ovulation.

Start pregnancy

Fertilization occurs directly in the phallopyane tube, there one of the billion spermatozoa is merged with an egg. In the first few hours after conception, a fertilized egg on the way to the uterus begins division, so more and more new cells of the embryo appear every hour and day.

When a fertilized egg falls into the uterus, it starts attaching to endometrium, that is, implanted. Only after that all the necessary chemical and physical reactions are formed to start pregnancy.

The whole process from conception before implantation takes from 7 to 12 days. Spermatozoa can live in a female body from 6 to 7 days, but they can remain active for more than 3 days.

Early signs of pregnancy

When a woman became pregnant, then in her body begins, the so-called restructuring, in order to successfully endure and give birth to a child. All changes during this period before the monthly delay have their own signs.

  • These include:

  • Minor bleeding about 6-12 days after sexual intercourse

  • Student and painful urination

  • Elevated appetite

  • It is often felt cold symptoms, that is, headaches, fatigue, temperature rise, malaise.

  • Reduced arterial pressure

The sensitivity of dairy glasses may be a little swelling or becoming painful.

The feeling of fullness at the bottom of the abdomen, it may be due to the fact that pregnant women increase blood flow into the area of ​​the small pelvis and the uterus becomes more.

Indirect signs

Often, the beginning of pregnancy and the birth of life Most women do not notice. Only after the new cycle of menstruation does not occur, the girls begin to suspect something. Doctors say that the delay of menstruation is the very first sign, but still indirectly. After all, the delay may arise due to hormonal failures, inflammatory processes or other reasons.

Ectopic pregnancy

Sometimes there is an ectopic pregnancy, in which the child is developing outside the uterus. This may be due to inflammation, congenital or acquired pathologies of phallopy pipes, hormonal disorders. Unfortunately, the child is not possible to save.

It is extremely important in the early stages to determine the pathology in other cases the life of a woman will be at risk. In the initial stages, it does not differ from the usual, but in the future the development of the fruit egg in the wrong place will lead to intra-abdominal bleeding and the urgent operation will be required.

Pregnancy diagnostics system

If you do not exclude the fact of pregnancy, you need to visit the gynecologist, to pass the diagnostic ultrasound to eliminate the ectopic pregnancy. It is impossible to determine the ectopic pregnancy to the usual pregnancy test. Because as in the case of an ordinary pregnancy, the test will show a positive result. But only the difference is that the ectopic can be dangerous to life and health and requires surgical intervention.

Pregnancy tests

  • In order to independently find out the woman or not at the initial stage with indirect signs and suspicions, you can purchase a pregnancy test. This is the fastest and simple method. There are a huge set of tests from the easiest and most cheap, to expensive and electric. Tests are four generation, namely:

  • Ordinary paper strips;

  • Cassette or Tablet test;

  • Inkjet test;

Electronic, digital test.

How does pregnancy test

Pregnancy test works like a lactium paper. It determines the presence of a special hormone with the urine (human chorionic gonadotropin), which is highlighted by the placenta. Each woman can produce various antibodies contained in a special hormone. Therefore, it is best to take a pregnancy test, in which there are all known antibodies, it will definitely show the correct result.

A false positive test can be in case a tumor develops in the organs of the female sex system.

But false-negative tests are less common and can only mean the fact that the level of hong hong is still very small for the diagnosis of pregnancy.

Definition of pregnancy and timeline

In order to accurately determine the term of pregnancy, you need to pass the blood from the vein on an empty stomach. The blood test may indicate the deadline until the day and is carried out in the early deadlines, for 6 days after conception. In the blood learns the indicators of the hormone of pregnancy - hgch, chorionic gonadotropin of a person. It is this hormone that is responsible for the development and course of pregnancy. It blocks the menstrual cycle and activates the production of other hormones necessary to maintain pregnancy. The activity of hCG throughout the pregnancy is preserved.

Hong hong is determined in blood, and in the urine. However, its concentration in the blood increases much faster, so the blood test will be informative on the earlier period than the test using urine.

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