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Hello, dear readers!

Now autumn, but buyers are already thinking about winter shoes and do it right, since the winter collection began to slowly go on sale. Accordingly, the dimensions are gradually ends, and now it doesn't get much, one would sell the size range and that is good ..

So, choose the winter sole.

I want to say clearly and without any "water", of course the most slippery winter sole is rubber . And in order not to say there, but only the rubber has a slide resistance of 100%. In winter, even sprinkled roads are slippery. But manufacturers for some reason are not very willing to put rubber on winter shoes, yet probably because it is not the cheapest of all.

What sole to choose on winter shoes to exactly not slip?

In second place, I would put a master TEP (thermoelastoplast ), as it is made of rubber and thermoplastic. This material has an excellent grip with a soil, there will be no slip in such shoes, but still it is not rubber! The sole of the TEP is durable and soft, thereby it will not fit in the cold and you will not ride such a shoe as ice skating.

What sole to choose on winter shoes to exactly not slip?

To shoes do not slide, get the shoes with a deep tread. In such a shoe, it will not be exactly for sure!

What sole to choose on winter shoes to exactly not slip?

Do not buy shoes for winter on the sole of PU (polyurethane)!

It is a light and elastic sole, but for winter shoes it does not fit! In such a shoe you will simply "fly" on the winter road! Such a sole is good only for summer shoes.

What sole to choose on winter shoes to exactly not slip?

Well, about something like that ...

And again, it seems to be an elementary advice from the seller of shoes, do not rush when choosing shoes, be sure to look at the sole, pass in the shoes, read the advice on the Internet, study the topic. And only then take the shoes and exploit it only with a huge joy and feeling that money is not in vain!

And many more tips for choosing winter shoes you will find in my article "How to choose the right winter shoes. Tips for an experienced person."

Subscribe to the channel, a lot more interesting, and most importantly necessary for each consumer.

Sincerely, Svetlana.

Not all materials soles are suitable for winter. The result of incorrect choice is freezing and falling. Specialists gave advice on choosing the right winter shoes, and also told about the ways to make the soles less than slippery.

Every year with the beginning of snowfalls in hospitals with bruises and fractures, received on the streets, dozens of people come on day. Only in the Novosibirsk region, according to regional name, during the holy traumatologists, it becomes more than 600 patients per week.

Experts insist - most of the victims became victims of their own savings and pursuit of beauty. Correct and safe winter shoes should not only save heat, but also have a maximal clutch with the surface in order not to slide. How to pick up just such?

Winter soles

"Keep in mind that the thinner of the sole, the sooner the foot is ... The minimum thickness of the soles for winter shoes is 1 centimeter ... a good grip with a pronounced pronounced protector and the right sole material," says the representative of the Russian Footwear .

The sole of thermoelastoplastic (TEP) is considered one of the most stable, as combines the properties of vulcanized rubbers and thermoplastics. Shoe manufacturers love it for elasticity and durability, and consumers for frost resistance and wear. TEP provides good shock absorption and grip with soil. A distinctive feature of such a sole is the ability to not lose its properties even at extreme temperatures from +50 to -45 degrees.

Photo: © sibnet.ru

Polyurethane (PU) and terbonoluretan (TPU) are also in great demand from buyers. The upper layer of the sole from the PU is a frost-resistant, porous material, provides shoes with ease and elasticity, and the bottom - a thin substrate from TPU - prevents sliding, told the head of the department of the central technological laboratory "Junichiel" Oksana Kovalevskaya.

"It is unwanted to buy winter shoes with a sole of polyurethane. The material itself is lightweight, elastic, but absolutely unsuitable for winter, because in the frost cracks in the field of bend and will slide, "the expert advised.

And although the polyurethane is withstanding the temperature to -35, the sole on the frost becomes very slippery - as well as "dulyaya" summer automotive tires. There is a special winter polyurethane. It has greater stability to slip, but it is often used not in the mass segment, but for the production of special borrow.

Safe height

When choosing winter shoes, you should give preference to comfortable models on a flat sole with a wide stable heel. The ideal height of the heel is not more than 4 - 5 centimeters. Winter boots on the Boleeval Heel are not suitable for every day, and move in them as much as possible.

It is necessary to ensure that under the load, the heel immediately extended back, and the toes did not rise above the floor more than one centimeter. If these requirements are not met - it will be very difficult to stay on the legs of the vagon.

The height of the platform also should not exceed 5 centimeters. According to the sellers of shoes, a high platform, despite apparent convenience, can also cause injury - to get a foot on it to ice.

Photo: © sibnet.ru

"To the safe types of shoes on the platform, winter boots on a solid sole can be attributed. In such a shoe there is no heel, and the platform is located all over the foot. It is often complemented by a large corrugated pattern, which provides additional protection and prevents slipping, "the" Shoes of Russia "was told in the sales department.

Tip: Saying the shoes follows in the afternoon when the leg evepeted a little and has a little more size. In addition, if you plan to wear it with warm socks, then you need to wear them with fitting. If in some places shoes shy his leg, the danger of frostbite is great in winter.

How to reduce slide

Nevertheless, throw away the favorite winter boots from the rolling sole optionally. Mustocate shoes can be removable soles against slip-and-leaps. They are sold in many shoe stores spoils. You can also use adhesive or removable linings that are produced for shoes with heels or without.

Ice accessories are an overhead rubber sole with metal wipes. Often their form is far from elegance, but still they should have them on a toothed ice - gypsum looks even less beautiful.

It is possible to protect the sole at a short period of time. For example, one of the people's ways offers to use the usual grater. She can lose the sole to create a relief.

Some are advised to screw into a thick sole of screws: screw them, but not to the end, leaving the gap of several millimeters between the surface of the sole and the screw screw.

Both of these methods do not recommend using manufacturers and sellers of shoes. Screw the integrity of the sole, and anyway, when walking, will enter the sole completely, which can lead to the opposite effect. The grater will also damage the material and thereby reduce the life of the shoes. Blizzard requires special gait

But there are ways that do not damaging the sole. For example, glue and sand. The glue should be applied to the sole of a zigzag or a meshe and sprinkle with sand. After the sand-glue mixture is dry, you can go outside.

The plaster of coarse material can also protect shoes in ice for a while. You need to cut two pieces, one fix closer to the sock, the second on the heel. Instead of a plaster, you can stick to the sole of pieces of sandpaper or coarse felt.

But, remind, experts if the sole material is suitable for winter, then nothing will need it. And sometimes to increase the adhesion, it is enough to wash the corrugated sole and clean the drawing.

What kind of sole for winter shoes is better? When choosing, what sole material is better for winter shoes, you need to take into account various factors to choose the type of sole. These are not only conditions for intensive exploitation at low temperatures, but also the need to protect on slippery surfaces, from shoe marching. Sole for winter shoes - what better?

Types of soles for shoes

What type of sole is better for winter shoes? Manufacturers offer a variety of options, among which the following are allocated:

  1. Polyurethane. Porous, lightweight, durable material. It is distinguished by elasticity and durability, but its thermal conductivity is low. Shoes with such a sole suits the soft winter. For strong frosts, it is recommended to choose a special frost-resistant PU, preserving elasticity and integrity when the temperature is reduced to -30 ° C. Such a sole is resistant to abrasion and bending, convenient in the sock.
  2. Tuni. This material can be called intermediate between thermoplastic and genuine leather. It is durable, attractive to appearance, resistant to abrasion. Such a rapid sole is often used for the manufacture of model shoes. But the wear is suitable only for soft winters and with a small amount of precipitation, since the tunis is unstable to slip.
  3. Rubber. Universal, durable material, characterized by resistance to wear, flexibility, anti-slip properties. But such a sole is sufficiently heavy, that is, wearing shoes may not be very convenient.
  4. Thermopoluretan. Tight, very durable material, stable to slip and abrasion. Manufacturers often use TPU in shoes for active winter holidays.
  5. Thermoelastoplastomer. Flexible, modern material is distinguished by high operational properties. It is durable, resistant to frost and slip, sharp temperature differences. Today, it is the TEP that is more often used in the manufacture of high-quality, beautiful and suitable shoes for winter.

What sole suits for winter shoes?

Solving, with what sole is better to buy winter shoes, it is necessary to take into account the properties of materials, the requirements for their operational properties.

Soles from PU (Polyurethane)

Such soles are often also called microporous, but it does not quite correspond to reality. The material is really porous, but the pores are well distinguishable, the surface is rough, the shape of the sole is distinguished by a bit blurred lines. Advantages at shoes with soles from PU set:

  • low weight, such shoes comfortable in the sock;
  • excellent thermal insulation properties;
  • flexibility and good depreciation properties;
  • High resistance to wear;
  • good depreciation properties, which makes a comfortable shoe suitable for walking around uneven road;
  • low cost.

But there is a number of minuses that you can't forget:

  • The density of the material is low;
  • Serious loads such a sole withstands, but when improving the thickness is lost flexibility;
  • at temperatures below -20 ° C cracks;
  • Anti-slip properties of the material are low.

Shoes with soles from PU for cold, snow-covered winter is not suitable. With a strong frost, the PU can start cracking, so you should choose another option. Such soles are more suitable for the end of autumn.

Soles from TPU (thermopoliurethane)

Material called thermoplastic polyurethane is great for the cold season. It is durable, smooth, keeps warm well. Such a sole is usually fine, clearly defined, a pronounced tread pattern is applied to its surface that protects against slipping.

The advantages of such material are:

  • High resistance to wear;
  • stability resistance, high density;
  • attractive appearance;
  • Good grip with slippery surfaces.

But TPU has disadvantages:

  • Depreciation properties are not the best, by the end of the day legs can be tired strongly;
  • When fastening the sole, glue is used, which is badly affected by the deadlines.

Usually, thermoplastic polyurethane is used to create casual shoes on the cold season, as well as for shoes for outdoor activities.

Combined soles from PU and TPU

This option is usually used for shoes intended for sock with soft winter weather. The lower layer is made of thermopolirain, top - from PU. This eliminates the disadvantages of both options and make shoes more comfortable and durable. The advantages of such a solution:

  • excellent thermal insulation;
  • increased grip with slippery surface;
  • The total weight of the sole is small;
  • There are depreciation properties to facilitate walking and removal of fatigue;
  • Frequently installed additional anti-slip inserts.

But there is a number of minuses that you can't forget:

  • The combined material consists of two separate layers, which increases the cost of production and increases the price of winter shoes;
  • Unfair manufacturers can deceive and instead of TPUs are used common polyurethane, painted in another color.

This option is usually used for winter boots and a low-heel boot. The sole is durable, does not miss the cold, protects against falling on slippery surface. But the cost of such shoes is usually not the lowest.

TRP soles (thermoelastoplast)

This is a porous, dense material that is characterized by good operational properties. The appearance of it resembles a little pitted Pu, well visible pores. Advantages at the sole from the TEP set:

  • Excellent thermal insulation, in such boots or boots it is difficult to frozen with the coldest weather;
  • Depreciation properties are high;
  • The material is easy, environmentally friendly, today it is its brands with world name;
  • The cost is low, which has a positive effect on the price of winter shoes;
  • wear resistance, abrasion resistance high;
  • The material is durable, has long-term operational properties;
  • Due to the special structure, suitable for comfortable walking on surfaces of various types.

To minuses must be attributed:

  • Due to high porosity, the material applies only with shoes from thick, coarse or artificial leather;
  • color gamut small;
  • Visually appearance soles rough, that is, for model shoes, the material does not fit.

Trp is perfect for very cold. Snow covered winter, providing a high level of protection. Such shoes are durable, it does not wash, protects well from frost.

What sole to choose?

When buying winter shoes it is necessary to take into account the following factors:

  • Material and features of its use in strong freezers;
  • Comfort wearing during the day;
  • abrasion resistance;
  • Depreciation properties.

The optimal option for the winter is the thermoelastoplast, but for female winter shoes, tunis and TPU are often used. Not suitable for the winter sole of genuine leather. Despite the high performance characteristics, this material is thin, on a slippery surface, it can cause a fall.

Buying boots or boots for the winter, we must take a very carefully to choose the sole. This is the basis of any shoes, from which the comforts depend on and the possibility of convenient walking in abundant sediments or serious freezers.

The sole is an important part of the product, it protects the legs from small pebbles, pollution, damage, in the offseason - from water and dirt, and in winter - from snow and cold. A varieties of soles are a lot - some are inherent in certain models, without any inconsistency to the street at a certain season. In thin skin shoes, you will not go to the mountain hike or on a winter walk, just as a rough sole will be uncomfortable while walking in the sand.

In winter, these products appear certain characteristics - as seasonal car tires, they must provide a good clutch with the surface so that their owner does not rolling on ice and the case did not end with the injury. A good new clothes protects against frost, it makes it easy to go through the snow and do not fall on ice. Here are the best varieties of soles for the cold season.

Polyurethane

Soft, porous, slightly grungy. The protector is usually fuzzy, "melted", smoothed. It is characterized by good thermal insulation, it is quite lightweight and long worn. It is good, especially if you consider its low cost. But there are also disadvantages: it will not work out of it, it is not suitable for temperatures below -20 degrees, because it cracks in the cold and slides.

Thermopoluretan (tuna)

Tight and smooth, with a clear tread pattern. Very durable, made from it a product with beautiful, complex patterns. Not slippery, looks expensive. Minus in his gravity, because of which legs are tired, and poor heat insulation - even with the insole from fur will not be warm.

Combined soles

The combination of the first two materials was invented to get rid of their minuses. The bottom layer is made of thermopoline, and the upper - from polyurethane. Thus, there are all advantages: the preservation of heat, normal adhesion, ease, and even anti-slip inserts. Ideal for winter, but the production process is relatively expensive, and this affects the price. There is a high probability to get on the fake - some manufacturers give out their products combined, painting it in different color.

Thermoelastoplast (TEP)

Tight, grungy, with a deep tread. Holds heat, springs, easily worn, do not get tired. Excellent for long walks, it is used as well-known sports brands and factory China. Wear-resistant and at the same time - relatively cheap. The only minus is not used in the model new clothes, not the appearance.

Polyvinyl chloride

Smooth, heavy, strong, not sliding, is not deformed. Frequently used in the production of children's shoes and even a special boss. The problem is in gravity, for a long time not to like. Over time, it begins to crack, also does not tolerate the temperature below -20 degrees. Suitable for leatherette, as it is badly attached to natural material.

Ethylenevinyl acetate

Soft and lightweight, practically weightless. Distributes the load, keeps heat, ideal for sports models. Products from ethylenevinyl acetate take the shape of the foot, which increases comfort when sock. But in winter, he manifest itself in the best way - it becomes slippery and crumble at low temperatures.

Thermoplastic rubber

Synthetic rubber - it may look different, it all depends on how it was cast. By weight, light enough, it does not slip, not erased. It looks good and used in most types of shoes. For example, only such a sole may be in high-quality kids, which explains their high cost.

Leather, tunis and wood

It is rarely used in production, very strongly wearing, do not hold on to sleep, produce heat, heavy feet. One plus - status.

And nevertheless is punctured or stitched?

This is what way the sole is attached to the workpiece. The so-called the firmware method was popular before, but recently it happens more and less often - due to the firmware, holes are formed, because of which the steam passes water. Yes, and threads can be worn. However, more and more often when flashing, special ragged threads are used, which hold for a long time. Glue parts of shoes more often on sports, everyday models and beautiful, evening, "on the outlet."

Most companies have the main one. Do not be afraid of low quality sizing or glue itself, if you trust the brand, everything is done in the factories at the highest level. Another method is called molded. The material under pressure and high temperature in the literal sense is poured on the preparation of the top of the product, and then it freezes. The minimum threat of the discharge and the complete absence of threads. It is more often suitable for making everyday models, since this method cannot be used for shoes from high-quality skin or suede. However, the method is popular for many well-known brands of not cheap shoes.

Cold season options

For winter models, several special characteristics are important. Their sole must be corrugated to ensure good adhesion with the surface and not slide even to sleep, thicker than usual, to better save heat. If you are using a heel, then it is better fat and stable. Mandatory use of the insulation, and not only inside, but also on the insole.

How to care for winter shoes?

Just as for the summer, but adjusted for the constant impact of the cold and moisture, the products need to be cleaned immediately after the arrival of home - make contamination and wipe with a damp cloth.

After you need to give dry. If a pair of grooved, gaining it with newspaper paper and let dry, not substituting it to the battery or heater - it can crack from a strong heat and quickly come into disrepair. The insoles are dried separately. After drying, treat with cream and special water-repellent impregnations. Then your favorite couple will last long!

How to choose winter shoes?

Pay attention to what it is made. It is better not to save on the health of your feet, give preference to natural skin with a heater from high-quality fur. Suede looks great, but for winter is not so good, it does not tolerate humidity and pollution. To distinguish genuine skin from artificial, check the sections - with high quality on the involve, a pile will be noticeable, and not a tissue base. A real fur - matte, and artificial strongly glitters. As for the sole, its thickness should be at least 1 cm. The corrugated pattern and thick heels will not slide, from the above materials it is worth choosing one that will not pass water and keep heat.

Typically use polyurethane or polyvinyl chloride, rubber. Lightning should not reach the Niza himself, otherwise it will pass water. And an important detail - size! Winter new clothes should be a little more your leg, with amend on warm socks. In a close pair, you will quickly freeze, so ideally between the leg and the edge of the boot should be space. Choose warm insoles for the new clothes, take care of it, proceed with impregnations and cream, and then it will delight you for a long time. And with the choice of your favorite pair we will help us in Toofli.com!

What if winter shoes slides?

Winter is not only snow, festival feeling, New Year's mood and tangerines on the Christmas tree. This is also the most traumatic period. The first minus temperatures brings with them the ice.

Motorists are concerned about replacing tires, and what are we? We think about what shoes walk in winter, but we do not think about how to make this shoes suitable for slippery road. Itaita tells what means to choose that winter shoes do not slide, shoes and boots on what sole is preferred, and from which shoes it is better to refuse because of its danger.

Perfect winter shoes

In order not to experience discomfort, it is important to immediately choose winter shoes.

It should be on a low and stable heel. Discard the studs - slippery and snow-covered roads with such shoes will lead to injuries.

What to do if winter shoes slippery sole.jpg

Ideally, the heel must be no more than 5 cm, without a platform. Models on a wide sole and with a wide nasal part have a large clutch area with an expensive, which is very good.

Thick sole and deep relief will add you stability and make a gait confident.

What shoe is better to refuse?

High heel or hairpins reduce the already low grip with a slippery surface. This shoes are better to postpone until better times. The platform, the sole of which has a narrow base, is also not the best option.

The smooth sole is no less honeymage than the models on high studs, remember how you felt by choosing to the street in demi-season shoes - it's like going out on the rink. For the same reason, it is recommended to avoid shoes on a wide heel, but with plastic audits.

Due to the high risk, injury is not suitable for winter and model with a pointed cape.

What to do with slippery winter shoes.jpg

How to choose the sole of winter shoes?

This is the main item from which your comfort depends on the road. A good sole must match many criteria.

Strength. This detail of the shoes must withstand high loads, vertical pressure, blows. Who can boast a neat gait? In the process of walking the sole is exposed to a large stress.

Wear resistance . The effects of reagents, salts negatively affect the integrity of the sole. The poor-quality and fragile composition is able to simply collapse from the daily meeting with the unfavorable medium.

Flexibility . Elastic sole - a pledge of the leg comfort. Such a vibration extinguishes when walking, creating a damping effect and removes the load on the spine and the joints. In addition, the flexible sole serves longer due to the fact that with temporary deformation associated with the natural bending of the foot when walking, it quickly restores the form.

Thermal conductivity . If this factor picks up, then the legs will be freezing even if you will additionally warp them with woolen socks. The sole will freeze and skip the cold inside the shoes.

How to choose non-slip winter shoes.jpg

Modern technologists have developed a large number of species and forms of soles, let's find out that each of them represents.

  • Polyurethane . This kind of soles in the people is customary to call the "semolina" due to the porous and rough surface. "Manka" is characterized by good thermal insulation, does not let the cold inside, it is wear-resistant and very easy, which gives walking comfort. But she has cons. Such a sole slides, so it is bad for winter shoes. And when the temperature drops, it can break, which will affect the total shoe service.

  • Leather . The most ancient view of the sole, which is now used mainly for the production of premium shoes. It is absolutely eco-friendly, provides optimal air exchange. The flexibility of the skin is also undoubted plus. Feet in shoes with such a sole is very comfortable. Elastic material quickly adjusts to the movement of the foot.

But without minuses it did not cost. Leather sole is rapidly erased. If you purchase such shoes for everyday socks, it will not last quickly. But if it is shoes for use in the room, you will not come up with a better option.

Slipping sole at winter shoes.jpg

  • Crepe . It turns out of the recycled rubber. The fastest sole is elastic and elastic, has a stylish appearance. But she has more minuses than pluses. It is difficult to purify due to its structure, and also unstable to reagents. So for the winter season, this sole does not fit.

  • Rubber . But this is exactly what is needed for winter. The rubber sole is practically not sliding, has an excellent clutch with the surface. It is flexible and elastic, which speaks of the comfort for legs, stability to deformation and temperature drops. Of the minuses, it is possible to highlight what rubber is a heavier material compared to others. But its low trauma is crossed and this minus.

  • Tuni. . This material is a chemical mix of genuine leather fibers with rubber fibers. This wear-resistant material, flexible, with good shock absorbing properties. It is perfect for demi-season and summer shoes, but for winter, alas. Tunite soles has a bad clutch with a surface and sliding.

  • Polyvinyl chloride . Or PVC. One of the most popular materials currently. Differs high wear resistance, resistant to reagents and solvents, light. But at the same time, he can crack from strong cold and slightly slides.

  • Thermoelastoplast . It has some of the highest depreciation properties, springs when walking and removes the load on the spine and joints. Very durable and resistant to abrasion, can serve more than 5 years. But from minuses - badly tolerates ice, can slide.

The sole material is very important for winter shoes, it depends on it whether your shoes will slide. But no less important factor is the protector.

Protector Sole Winter Shoes

The drawing and the depth of the tread is largely determined how much shoes will slide. It depends on the clutch with the surface.

The deeper the sole terrain, the steady shoes. The ideal tread depth is from 5 mm. If your shoes cannot boast, contact a shoe workshop, the master will be able to deepen the protector artificially.

Non-slip sole of winter shoes.jpg

Well, if the drawing asymmetric, multidirectional transverse and diagonal grooves stop sliding, provide stability.

Different design elements can also stand in your safety service: spikes, folding pads with teeth reduce the risk of slipping.

Professional tools for slippery winter shoes.

Modern designers seek to make shoes not only beautiful, but also safe. For this, new details and accessories are constantly being developed, allowing products to be anti-slip effect.

  • Stickers . Anti-slip stickers can be bought in many shoe stores. They are made of polyurethane or rubber, produced in different sizes. They are easily attached to the sole with the help of the adhesive side. Previously the place of attachment needs to clean and degrease. Stickers You can add shoes and on a flat sole, and on a heel. But, unfortunately, they are not suitable for embossed soles.

So that the shoes do not slide in winter.jpg

  • Ice Accommodation . If you immediately imagined the cumbersome adaptation of the conquerors of the mountains, tear these fantasies. Modern icemakers may look very easy and even elegant. Such, due to the special design of the attachment, are practically not noticeable to shoes, they can be worn even on elegant boots if they do not get ice resistance.

Best methods for slippery shoes.jpg

This design is usually made of rubber, it often complements the spikes. They create a wonderful grip with a slippery surface, allow you to avoid injuries. Ice Access Easy to wear and remove, they are attached with the help of elastic parts only on the sole or capture the sock. They may have additional mounting and jumper.

Modern icemakers are distinguished by increased frost resistance, they can withstand temperatures up to - 40 degrees, so do not crack.

Ice accessories, like shoes, selected in size. It is better to try to make sure the tight landing will be hurt to lose this auxiliary item when walking.

Opening icemakes, think over the route of your movement in advance if you are planning a visit to any institution, remember that ice-accessories can creak and scratch the floor. They will have to remove.

  • Iron knobs. They are attached to the heel and create good friction with the surface. Their minus is a loud sound, published in contact with the surface of a laminate or tile, wearing such shoes only on the street.

Witchas for slippery shoes.jpg

  • Spikes . Shoe workshops offer installation of spikes to create an anti-slip effect. They are attached to the surface of the sole, and the same as in the case of the bait, suitable only for use on the street.

so that the shoes do not slide.jpg

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  • Water-repellent spray. This tool can be applied to the sole of slippery shoes right before entering the street. The effect will be stored for a short time, but it is enough to safely reach the nearest store or work.

How to make winter shoes with non-slip with the help of folk methods?

If for some reason you do not want to resort to the help of professional funds, you can refer to the funds of the people. Modern Kulibins know the mass of ways to protect their shoes and make a gait confident. How to make winter shoes not slip?

How effective is this method and protects if it protects from ice, it's hard to say, but if there is time and desire to create, then why not.

  • Sandpaper. From the aesthetic side - that is still undone, but if it is vital for you to move on one side, let's say, the rink, to another - dare. Cut out of sandpaper with a large grain of the figure (which you want, it all depends on your fantasy) and shift on the sole with glue. Such protection will last long, the sandpaper will quickly erase from constant friction, but the day or two without fear will fall asleep.

  • Saws. Yes, there are craftsmen who solved the mystery of the Universe, or rather the masters of shoe affairs, and, having decided to save, they themselves came up with a way to make shoes not slippery. Self-tapping screws are simply screwed down the contour of the sole. From the ice, this method may be, and protects, but also damage shoes will also apply. Shoes can start leaking, and if some of the self-soles will be longer than the height of the sole, then the owner of such a shoe will physically feel that the idea was so-so.

  • Patch . But this can try. If you are tightly stuck in the middle of the garbage and understand that you can't stand more and step, see what is in your purse. If there is a plaster, he will save the situation. Get it on the sole of the cross, it will create an additional clutch with an expensive and will allow you to safely get out of the ice captivity. The advantage of this method is that the plaster is as easily removed from the shoes, as stuck. And everything is without harm to your favorite boots or boots.

  • Sand . Why wait until slippery roads sprinkle sand, it is better to immediately sprinkle sand on shoes. For this, Internet advisers are recommended to apply glue on the sole, and while it does not dry, sprinkle with sand. This method is effective and will allow without fears to move on slippery roads within 2-3 days, but the sand on the threshold of the house can be a negative consequence of your fight against the ice.

  • Felt . The principle of operation is the same as the emery paper. Stick felt overlays on the sole with quick-drying glue. Unlike sandpaper, felt will laugh on the sole longer, but only under the condition of dry frosty weather.

We make winter shoes with non-slip.jpg

Inefficient ways for slippery shoes

Along with strange, harmful, but effective, there are ways and frankly ineffective.

For example, hair lacquer, sprayed to the sole, will not give the shoes of stability. This tool is better to use on purpose and not consupping.

Grater . This method is more reminiscent of torture, and not a way to make shoes with non-slip. The advisers are recommended to lose the sole of a grater to give her roughness. In fact, only a deep drawing of the tread will save from the ice. And the spoiled sole is just an additional vulnerable place of your shoes.

Potatoes . It is believed that starch prevents sliding. But, first of all, he will be erased after the first steps, and secondly, it will leave ugly white divorces on the surface of the skin.

How to make winter shoes with non-slip.jpg

Summarize. How to make a non-slip sole in winter shoes? What footage to give preference?

  • Choose shoes from elastic and frost-resistant bases with anti-slip effect. The best material for winter soles is rubber.

  • For the winter season, give up fashionable models on the heel or high heels. It is very attempting. The permissible height of the heel is up to 5 cm.

  • Choose models on a wide sole that occupies a large area of ​​contact with the surface. So that it does not freeze, its height should be more than 1 centimeter.

  • Deep tread drawing adds chances to do in winter without injury.

Winter is a harsh test for any boot or boot, so in the cold season for the shoe soles are elevated requirements. In a high-quality product, it not only retains heat and dry legs, but also demonstrates stability on the road coated with a layer of snow or ice. Properly selected non-slip soles - security and comfort in winter. That is why with the approach of cold, topical questions are - what to pay attention to when choosing boots to reduce the risk of injury during the periods of ice, and what are the ways to independently protect the shoes from slipping?

Basic rules for choosing shoes when ice

Saving funds and time when choosing shoes on the frost period can turn off an unplanned visit to the traumatologist. Therefore, looking for a winter model, you need to remember the safety and adhere to the basic rules:

  1. Shoes should be with an anti-slip sole: from a frost-resistant material, with a good tread.
  2. It is worth abandoning certainly beautiful, but unstable boots on the heel. It is important to choose shoes, the sole of which involves the maximum area of ​​contact with the road surface. The permissible height of the heel is not more than 4-5 cm, and it must be wide. Such boots will ensure the proper level of clutch and stability in the Hollyanta, which you can not say about shoes with a narrowed tanket.
  3. Recommended base thickness - more centimeter. It will save the legs from hypothermia, will not allow the material to freeze to the rigging, increasing the risk of slipping.

You can often find the ratings of the very few winter shoes. Favorite there remain insulated shoes with thick relief or flat solid soles, as an option - with a low wide heel. Among the most successful models for the ice are popular with fake from natural sheep felt. However, even these proven options can be brought at an inappropriate moment, because in fact it does not slip only the sole of the right selected material.

From the hairpins in winter it is worth refuse
Wide and stable heel
Anti-slip sole with proper tread pattern
Wide nose

Material manufacturing sole

Not every raw material is suitable for the production of winter shoes: with insufficient frost resistance, the basis of "Duets" becomes solid, the slide is enhanced. The sole should be sufficiently soft, elastic, in moderation is wide - the insufficient thickness leads to a rapid freecy. In the manufacture of the plantar part, such materials are predominantly used:

  1. TRP, TEP (thermoelastoplast), the main advantage of which in frost resistance. The material is able to withstand low temperatures - up to 45 ° C. From this raw material is made the most non-slip sole.
  2. PU (polyurethane) is good in the production of demi-season, but not winter shoes. At a minus temperature, it begins to strongly slide, and when frost is 20 degrees can burst.
  3. TPU (thermopoluretan) has good anti-skid characteristics. Minus - heat keeps badly, and therefore use it only with a polyurethane, manufacturing a two-layer sole.
  4. PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is unsuitable for winter shoes: the base from it greatly slides. Frost resistance zero, therefore, under conditions of low temperatures, the sole of PVC will burst with the slightest load.
  5. EVA (ethylenevinyl acetate) is a wonderful lightweight material used for the production of solo-grained boots or sabot. Well keeps warm, moistureproof, but in frosty weather it greatly slides, so it is only suitable for summer and demi-season shoes.
  6. Rubber - old and proven material: high wear resistance, elasticity, flexibility are proven to the centuries of its use. High-quality rubber sole is practical, frost-resistant and non-slip. The only drawback - the shoes on rubber heavy, legs will quickly get tired.

As a result, the best materials for the soles of winter shoes are rubber (sufficient degree of softness, elasticity) and TEP. For many users, the latter is preferable, since it is easier by weight.

Dry boots with a sole of thermoelastoplast need carefully: to have away from heating devices, because it melts, losing its properties.

PVC soles are unsuitable for winter
EVA.
TPU
Pu
Rubber
TEP

Figure tread

This is the second on the list of safety factor. The idea of ​​using the tread on the shoes came from the field of engineering, if we speak more precisely - the technologies of automotive tires are taken as the basis. The depth and drawing of the plantar part provide the best grip with a slippery surface. The tread selection is reduced to the following nuances:

  1. The deeper the drawing, the more stable shoes, which is especially felt when walking on an ice or snowy caress in the period of thaw. There is no clear standard here, but the best clutch has a protector with a depth of 5-8 mm.
  2. Asymmetrical drawing with multidirectional grooves provides a better coupling with a road surface. If the tread grooves are drawn in one direction, the foot will slide to the same side. Multidirection balances this process, providing stability.
  3. The greater the individual elements of the pattern, the better the hitch. The grooves cut through a sharp angle, which enhances the penetration into the loose surface, for example, snow or ice crishelo.
  4. Stability also increase various structural elements like spikes or a folding plate with metal teeth. But these developments are applied to the production of specialized shoes for sports or military uniforms.

In addition to safety on a slippery surface, the protector solves other tasks: for example, it removes the load from the calf muscles, has depreciation properties.

With spikes
Sufficient tread depth
Multidirectional drawing

How to make a sole nonsense

If the winter shoes have already been purchased, but the sole slides, it is worth protecting yourself with infirous means. It can be fixtures like stickers, ice-access or at all home methods. Each of the options has both advantages and disadvantages.

Stickers against sliding

A simple way to make the plantar part is less than slippery - applying stickers. Most shoes repair workshops offer a special stitching of anti-slip elements for the winter period.

They are most often made of rubber subjected to preliminary vulcanization, it gives the material elasticity, softness, frost resistance, strength. Adhesive layer - bilateral scotch. Advantages - reduce the slippery soles, aesthetic, easy to use. It is enough to simply wash, dry the surface (you can be pre-degraded with alcohol-containing solution), then gently glue the protection to the sole, removing the upper layer. Cons - are suitable only for even base without a pronounced relief. In addition, the adhesive layer is short-lived: with constant wetting, the sticker flies quickly. The cost of a set of such elements is from 50 to 400 rubles. The size is adjusted for shoes with simple cutting of the standard product. The workshop service will cost 300-400 rubles.

Ice Accommodation

Another option to get non-slip soles - nozzles. They are also called icewinders, wintering, hips, antislips. Thanks to reliable fasteners, such products will serve not one winter season, the walking walks along the hole.

Ice drifts are made of frost-resistant rubber and spikes galvanized stainless steel, they are resistant to low temperatures. Convenient in that the size is regulated by increasing or decreasing the fastening length. Made most often in the form of studded elements fixed with straps, tightly covering the foot. The antislipses occur on the sock of shoes or the heel. Pros - efficiency, fastening reliability, the ability to regulate in size. Cons - the aesthetics of the appearance of shoes suffers. Cost - 250-700 rubles per pair.

Ice Accessories are suitable for different models of shoes: shoes on a corrugated flat sole, model boots with heel, sports shoes, Snowubuts and fishing boots.

Homemade methods

In case the Hollyedian found surprise, and there is no time for the purchase of stickers or ice trim, you can use undergraduate express methods:

  1. Adamoplasty. It is necessary to cut a few pieces of suitable size, glue the heel and sock to the area. This is a very convenient solution, since the tool is in any first-aid kit. The leukoplasty will effectively reduce the risk of injury, reducing the slip, but it is enough for a while: the glue layer is splashing from the water, and the label flies.
  2. Sand. Rubber or superchalters (multidirectional strokes or zigzags) are applied to the sole, then sprinkled with a sandy mixture. After drying, the surplus is removed by shaking. Such a measure will provide stability within three to four days, after which the source will have to update.
  3. Sandpaper. The popular method of imparting anti-slip properties can be used in two ways. The first is to graze the sole, as a result of which the surface is damaged, and the resulting roughness reduces the slip. The second is cut homemade stickers from the sandpaper, glued to strategically important places. The degree of effect depends on the quality of glue.

In addition to those listed, there are a lot of other methods, the feasibility of which is very controversial. For example, some believe that non-slip soles are the result of rubbing them with raw potatoes, although the effect of such a procedure (if there is generally) is definitely short-term. Another "super" method is scratching: a damaged surface will acquire roughness, but can lead to the destruction of the sole. Without having calculated power, instead of a safe non-slip footwear, it is possible to be the owner of the holey boots.

The proposed methods to reduce the slide have different efficiency, in one people they are not suitable due to the small life, others from the aesthetic considerations. But safety is the highest priority for winter shoes, therefore the feasibility of acquiring a pair of boots or a boot with a non-slip soles is out of any doubt.

Sandpaper
Glue with sand
Raw potato
Leucoplasty

Video

The sole is an important part of the product, it protects the legs from small pebbles, pollution, damage, in the offseason - from water and dirt, and in winter - from snow and cold. A varieties of soles are a lot - some are inherent in certain models, without any inconsistency to the street at a certain season. In thin skin shoes, you will not go to the mountain hike or on a winter walk, just as a rough sole will be uncomfortable while walking in the sand.

In winter, these products appear certain characteristics - as seasonal car tires, they must provide a good clutch with the surface so that their owner does not rolling on ice and the case did not end with the injury. A good new clothes protects against frost, it makes it easy to go through the snow and do not fall on ice. Here are the best varieties of soles for the cold season.

Polyurethane

Soft, porous, slightly grungy. The protector is usually fuzzy, "melted", smoothed. It is characterized by good thermal insulation, it is quite lightweight and long worn. It is good, especially if you consider its low cost. But there are also disadvantages: it will not work out of it, it is not suitable for temperatures below -20 degrees, because it cracks in the cold and slides.

Best Types of Soles for Winter Shoes: Comparison

Thermopoluretan (tuna)

Tight and smooth, with a clear tread pattern. Very durable, made from it a product with beautiful, complex patterns. Not slippery, looks expensive. Minus in his gravity, because of which legs are tired, and poor heat insulation - even with the insole from fur will not be warm.

Best Types of Soles for Winter Shoes: Comparison

Combined soles

The combination of the first two materials was invented to get rid of their minuses. The bottom layer is made of thermopoline, and the upper - from polyurethane. Thus, there are all advantages: the preservation of heat, normal adhesion, ease, and even anti-slip inserts. Ideal for winter, but the production process is relatively expensive, and this affects the price. There is a high probability to get on the fake - some manufacturers give out their products combined, painting it in different color.

Best Types of Soles for Winter Shoes: Comparison

Thermoelastoplast (TEP)

Tight, grungy, with a deep tread. Holds heat, springs, easily worn, do not get tired. Excellent for long walks, it is used as well-known sports brands and factory China. Wear-resistant and at the same time - relatively cheap. The only minus is not used in the model new clothes, not the appearance.

Best Types of Soles for Winter Shoes: Comparison

Polyvinyl chloride

Smooth, heavy, strong, not sliding, is not deformed. Frequently used in the production of children's shoes and even a special boss. The problem is in gravity, for a long time not to like. Over time, it begins to crack, also does not tolerate the temperature below -20 degrees. Suitable for leatherette, as it is badly attached to natural material.

Best Types of Soles for Winter Shoes: Comparison

Ethylenevinyl acetate

Soft and lightweight, practically weightless. Distributes the load, keeps heat, ideal for sports models. Products from ethylenevinyl acetate take the shape of the foot, which increases comfort when sock. But in winter, he manifest itself in the best way - it becomes slippery and crumble at low temperatures.

Best Types of Soles for Winter Shoes: Comparison

Thermoplastic rubber

Synthetic rubber - it may look different, it all depends on how it was cast. By weight, light enough, it does not slip, not erased. It looks good and used in most types of shoes. For example, only such a sole may be in high-quality kids, which explains their high cost.

Best Types of Soles for Winter Shoes: Comparison

Leather, tunis and wood

It is rarely used in production, very strongly wearing, do not hold on to sleep, produce heat, heavy feet. One plus - status.

Best Types of Soles for Winter Shoes: Comparison

And nevertheless is punctured or stitched?

This is what way the sole is attached to the workpiece. The so-called the firmware method was popular before, but recently it happens more and less often - due to the firmware, holes are formed, because of which the steam passes water. Yes, and threads can be worn. However, more and more often when flashing, special ragged threads are used, which hold for a long time. Glue parts of shoes more often on sports, everyday models and beautiful, evening, "on the outlet."

Most companies have the main one. Do not be afraid of low quality sizing or glue itself, if you trust the brand, everything is done in the factories at the highest level. Another method is called molded. The material under pressure and high temperature in the literal sense is poured on the preparation of the top of the product, and then it freezes. The minimum threat of the discharge and the complete absence of threads. It is more often suitable for making everyday models, since this method cannot be used for shoes from high-quality skin or suede. However, the method is popular for many well-known brands of not cheap shoes.

Cold season options

For winter models, several special characteristics are important. Their sole must be corrugated to ensure good adhesion with the surface and not slide even to sleep, thicker than usual, to better save heat. If you are using a heel, then it is better fat and stable. Mandatory use of the insulation, and not only inside, but also on the insole.

How to care for winter shoes?

Just as for the summer, but adjusted for the constant impact of the cold and moisture, the products need to be cleaned immediately after the arrival of home - make contamination and wipe with a damp cloth.

After you need to give dry. If a pair of grooved, gaining it with newspaper paper and let dry, not substituting it to the battery or heater - it can crack from a strong heat and quickly come into disrepair. The insoles are dried separately. After drying, treat with cream and special water-repellent impregnations. Then your favorite couple will last long!

How to choose winter shoes?

Pay attention to what it is made. It is better not to save on the health of your feet, give preference to natural skin with a heater from high-quality fur. Suede looks great, but for winter is not so good, it does not tolerate humidity and pollution. To distinguish genuine skin from artificial, check the sections - with high quality on the involve, a pile will be noticeable, and not a tissue base. A real fur - matte, and artificial strongly glitters. As for the sole, its thickness should be at least 1 cm. The corrugated pattern and thick heels will not slide, from the above materials it is worth choosing one that will not pass water and keep heat.

Typically use polyurethane or polyvinyl chloride, rubber. Lightning should not reach the Niza himself, otherwise it will pass water. And an important detail - size! Winter new clothes should be a little more your leg, with amend on warm socks. In a close pair, you will quickly freeze, so ideally between the leg and the edge of the boot should be space. Choose warm insoles for the new clothes, take care of it, proceed with impregnations and cream, and then it will delight you for a long time. And with the choice of your favorite pair we will help us in Toofli.com!

Kristina & Milan boots

https://toofli.com/catalog/women/botinki/botinki_kristina_milan_lv3_1906c/
https://toofli.com/catalog/women/botinki/botinki_kristina_milan_lv3_1906c/

Kristina & Milan boots

https://toofli.com/catalog/women/botinki/botinki_kristina_milan_21546/
https://toofli.com/catalog/women/botinki/botinki_kristina_milan_21546/

Kristina & Milan boots

https://toofli.com/catalog/women/botinki/botinki_kristina_milan_30140/
https://toofli.com/catalog/women/botinki/botinki_kristina_milan_30140/

A source: https://toofli.com/blog/men/luchshie-tipy-podoshvy-dlya-zimney-obuvi/

Shoe soles

In this article, we will look at all existing materials soles, their pros and cons for manufacturers and retail customers. Very often, plus for some is a minus for others, and it is not easy to deal with it. The article first should be interesting to retail sales, as it explains what the buyer needs the goods satisfies, and what properties of the sole will leave the consumer dissatisfied or even come to come back with the claim.

Task of competent seller

Each buyer, visiting the store, has certain requirements and wishes, but very often he himself cannot clearly and understand them to formulate and certainly cannot call the material of the sole, which is suitable for him. The task of the competent seller is to identify needs and offer shoes as much as possible by the visitor's expectations. If some properties of the product buyer are clearly understood immediately or during the fitting: style, comfort, color, size, then the material of the sole and its characteristics will not be clear even after several days of socks.

Materials soles

Polyurethane soles (PU, PU).

It is often referred to as microporem, not very well-versed sellers "Cherk". The material is porous, and the pores are visible to the naked eye, grungy. The protector on the sole usually does not have clearly defined faces and lines, as if a little "blurred" or melted.

Soles from polyurethane Soles from polyurethane

Shoe soles Shoe soles

Pros: Polyurethane has a very low density, so it weighs little and has excellent heat insulation, the sole is very easy and moderately flexible. Sleeping shock loads and sufficient wear-resistant. All these properties make a variety of polyurethane with an excellent choice for the consumer who is important to comfort, who wants to do without buying warm winter shoes, spends no more than an hour on the street and is not convened, coming to the office. From the pros, you can also select low cost, so that it is very likely to love manufacturers and sellers of cheap shoes.

Minuses: Low material density provides basic cons. Because of it, it is impossible to make a thin polyurethane sole - it simply will not withstand loads and breaks, this sole is needed a thickness that immediately reduces flexibility. Also, the thick sole may look good only on the demi-season or winter product. But for winter shoes, polyurethane is a bad choice - at low temperatures, it becomes much less elastic, at temperatures -20 degrees and below cracks, breaks or even begins to crumble. The loss of elasticity is reflected on the clutch with ice and snow, the shoes begins to slide. A plasticizer cannot be added to the polyurethane, so it is impossible to get rid of these minuses.

Shoes with such a sole is not suitable for long wearing in winter. If the temperature dropped below -30 degrees, there is a risk of staying on the street at all without soles. All well-known UGG have a polyurethane sole and look like winter shoes, but not suitable for wearing at the present cold. If the buyer says that he walks a lot in winter, which prefers to go to work on foot and he needs something very warm, then, despite the magnificent thermal insulation characteristics, it is not worth recommending such a product.

Soles from thermopoliurethane (TPU, TPU).

Also called thermoplastic polyurethane. Some sellers and even large wholesalers and error manufacturers are called tunis and leather. The material is very dense, weighty, smooth to the touch (where the drawing is not affected). In combination with such a sole, heels are often used under a tree, from a dense special cardboard with impregnation against blotting and swelling. The sole itself is usually thin, and the protector has very clear faces and drawings. On the middle of the soles, manufacturers often apply paint under natural skin.

Shoe soles Shoe soles

Pros: The thermopoluretan is a wear-resistant material, it is very difficult to deform, cut or pierce. High density allows you to make soles with complex drawings that look very beautiful. The material is not slippery, provides good clutch. Due to the peculiarities of production technology, it is often used to make larger shoes. It lies greatly on the model and classic shoes, most often beautiful shoes with clearly defined forms, complex seams, expensive skin of the vertex have a sole of this material. One of the main advantages of such shoes is aesthetics, looks beautiful and expensive. These properties make products with a thermopolistan-anemmallic choice for the consumer who needs beautiful shoes, possibly in the office or for the evening dress code.

Minuses: The proportion and high density of thermopolistan are simultaneously and minus - the sole is obtained heavy, elasticity is very low, thermal insulation is bad. Shoes with such a sole will not be warm even with fur insole and increased thickness. The density also affects the depreciation properties - the shoes do not spring, increases the burden on the joints and the spine, at the end of the day fatigue is felt in the feet. Does not suit consumers spending a lot of time on the legs. Contraindicated with long walks. This sole is attached usually by the adhesive method manually and the percentage of marriage associated with the delay and breaking along the face of the trace above it.

Combined sole

In order to get rid of minuses of polyurethane (PU) and thermopolistan (TPU), some manufacturers combine these materials in the manufacture of a sole. The bottom layer in contact with the soil, from the TPU, and the top to which the top of the shoe is attached, from PU. The sole has clearly noticeable signs of multi-layered: different textures of materials that can be distinguished visually and touch.

Combined sole Combined sole

Pros: All the advantages of these two materials are present: excellent thermal insulation due to porous polyurethane, good grip with any types of surface and resistance to abrasion and damage due to dense thermopoliurethane. Low shared sole weight and good depreciation properties remove the load on the motor system. Great for the production of winter, demi-season shoes, all-season shoes on thick soles. Separately, it is worth mentioning light sneakers with anti-slip inserts. If the shoes visually like the consumer, it will not be disappointed with operational characteristics.

Minuses: The sole consists in fact of two parts, each of which requires its own technology and equipment, which makes the production process is twice as expensive. High cost makes this sole not very attractive for the manufacturer, especially if it is in the lower price segment. Often, manufacturers of cheap shoes paint the bottom layer of the usual polyurethane soles to deceive the sophisticated buyer and issue for a more expensive product. Sneakers manufacturers usually use cheap top materials to reduce the total cost of products. There are no minuses for the consumer.

Soles from thermoelastoplast (TEP, TRP)

The material has a porous structure inside and more dense and almost without pores on the surface. The surface is rough to the touch, the pores and holes are visible in some places that look like bunting bubbles. The drawing on the sole is usually uneven, as if non-accurate edges, the protector is deep.

Soles from thermoelastoplast Soles from thermoelastoplast

Pros: The inner porous material structure provides excellent thermal insulation and depreciation. Spring shoes are easy and comfortable. Great for long walks is often used in shoes for outdoor activities. Marks such as Columbia and Caterpillar use them almost all of their products. The material itself can be used repeatedly, which allows manufacturers with ease to redo the batch of soles if there is a need. It has an extremely low cost when producing large parties, allowing to produce inexpensive products, so this sole is the most popular in the cheap and large factory in China. Wearness resistance and resistance to abrasion is significantly higher than the average, so, despite the lowest possible, this product serves a long time.

Minuses: The material looks sloppy and ugly, the edges are uneven, it is possible to plant such soles only on porous and thick skin, or on artificial. This makes it impossible to use it on a beautiful model shoe. Due to technological restrictions in the choice of top materials, the color range of products is small, and visually finished products are not very aesthetic.

Polyvinyl chloride soles (PVC, PVC)

The material is smooth to the touch, usually translucent, heavy, looks good. The protector is simple, with geometric simple figures, the edges are not very smooth.

Types of solesSoles from polyvinyl chloride

Pros: Soles from PVC are very wear-resistant, strong, not deformed and do not slide. Very simple in manufacture, and it is easy to add various impurities and plasticizers, so you can actually achieve any elasticity. The oil resistant material makes the sole of it perfect for the specialobuvi. Frequently used in children's shoes.

Minuses: PVC Very heavy material and shoes are relevant. Despite the good shock-absorbing properties, in this shoe it is hard to walk a lot and long, legs get tired. Over time, plasticizers evaporate, and the sole loses elasticity, begins to crack. Given the fact that some time before selling the goods usually holds in warehouses or on store shelves, it can so happen that the consumer will receive a product that has already been confused part of positive qualities. PVC is not frost and can burst at 20 degrees. The material is very bad glued to the top of the shoes from genuine leather, so it is often used on the shoes from the leatherette.

Soles from ethylenevinyl acetate (EVA, EVA)

The material has a soft, porous (foam) structure, very light, slightly rough to the touch. The protector can be absolutely different, lines and edges are smooth, neat.

Soles from ethylenevinyl acetata Soles from ethylenevinyl acetata

Pros: Eva has a very low proportion, the sole is almost weightless. Magnificent depreciation properties, ability to absorb and distribute loads, good elasticity. Used in almost any kind of shoes except model. Especially well manifests itself in sports and beach shoes - the CROCS brand makes all its products from this material. The sole gradually acquires the shape of the foot, which provides additional comfort. Heat shield properties are also higher than praise. I will like the consumer who most appreciates comfortable wearing, walks a lot, loves free shoes.

Minuses: As with a polyurethane, the porous structure provides negative properties. Despite the excellent thermal insulation, winter shoes from Eva can not be done - it is not frost-resistant, very slippery, the inner structure of pores in the frost is destroyed, so it begins to crumble. The sole is very short-lived - it is literally becoming a season. Its ability to acquire the shape of the leg provides another minus - the shoes becomes too free, and if the consumer has the defects of the foot or gait, after some time the changed sole will emphasize them. If the buyer is counting on a long wearing, it will be very disappointed.

Soles of thermoplastic rubber (TPR, TPR)

The material is rubber made of synthetic rubber, the stronger natural, modern technologies can make it almost any plasticity. It may be shroud to the touch or absolutely smooth - it all depends on the mold in which it was cast. The protector can also be any depth, lines and edges are very smooth and neat.

Soles of thermoplastic rubberSoles of thermoplastic rubber  

Soles of thermoplastic rubber Soles of thermoplastic rubber

Pros: Thermoplastic rubber has a sufficiently average density properties and specific weight and this is a dignity. The soles of it are non-slip, have good depreciation properties and remove the load on the legs and the spine, the light enough in the standard version of the manufacture, and in the new generation of material the weight is reduced at times. It is not bad to resist abrasion in the standard, and when using new technologies, the manufacturer gives 5 years warranty on this detail of the shoes. From aesthetic point of view, the sole looks very good, it can be any color, any form and with any pattern. Used in almost all types of shoes. In the kids almost always this material. The consumer, choosing a product with this material, most likely will remain pleased with the operational characteristics.

Minuses: The high cost of manufacturing the soles, the need to use very expensive equipment and special molds for each size makes this material not very popular with the manufacturer, or the manufacturer reduces the cost of goods due to very cheap top materials, as in the case of cedas. Not every buyer will understand why sneakers from genuine leather of high quality should cost more model shoes, but it should be. The material does not have very good thermal insulation characteristics, so the winter shoes on such a sole can be done, but only adding thickness.

Leather Soles (Leather), Tuni (Tunit) and Tree (Wood)

These materials in the article are combined, as they are used in modern production more and more and have a much larger number of shortcomings than the advantages. Leather and wooden soles are very easy to determine visually, the sole of the tuna looks like a rubber, but with inclusions from another material, which is actually a leather chips, hence the second name - leather. All these materials are inflexible, heavy, do not have depreciable properties, poorly retain heat, very slippery, wear resistance disgusting. The only plus of these materials is their status. Not a reinforced myth that natural soles are better than artificial, allows you to find a buyer and on such products that is very expensive. You can still highlight a small plus of genuine leather soles - this is what it "breathes" because the skin is a natural membrane.

However, this is not quite true. The fact is that the organoleptic indicators of the shoes are very dependent on the lining material and the material of the top of the product. The skin is indeed a natural membrane, but only if it has a top layer with pores that allow you to skip air and not to pass moisture. Manufacturers of expensive shoes on the leather sole use the expensive vertex material and also face skin as a lining material. And such products really breathe, however, if you put a sole of any artificial material on it, the consumer will not see the difference. That is why the installation of rubber prevention on the leather sole does not affect consumer properties.

Methods of fastening soles

There are three main fitting of the sole: adhesive, firmware and casting. The fastening technology does not affect the consumer properties of shoes, but it strongly affects the quality and percentage of marriage. The firmware method is used in classical and casual shoes, it is obsolete, due to the fact that holes are made in the sole and the material of the vertex, shoes with such a fastening method passes water. Also, the thread, bonding the top with the sole, can be worn, which leads to the separation of the parts of the product. At the moment, the method is used infrequently.

In the manufacture of comfortable shoes for everyday socks, a molded method is often used. The sole is poured into a fully seduced prefabrication of tops with a sewed insole under pressure and high temperature, which is then frozen. No thread or glue. Plus this method in a very low percentage of the sole, in fact, such a marriage is absent due to the fact that the molecules of the soles penetrate into the material of the vertex and if there were no violations in technology, it is impossible to tear it off.

However, there are significant disadvantages: due to the technological feature of this method, the top material must have a certain porous structure, which usually possess cheap skin and spalkli, respectively, the beautiful shoes from expensive skin make it impossible. Also, the cost of equipment for low-sole equipment is very high, when you start the machine to warm up, the primary setting and trial samples are a lot of material, which greatly increases the cost, if the battery is small. All this leads to the fact that this method is used mainly to produce cheap daily shoes from low-cost materials, but large parties. Model shoes in this way makes units of companies, such as ECCO, which also uses low-cost tops and sublock materials, but receives "unnecessary" products at the output.

The adhesive method is used for sports, daily, classic and model shoes of the day off, the material of the sole can be almost any, from the leather to wood. This method is the main on most manufacturers. The advantages of this method are a huge variety of materials soles and tops, the ability to quickly change the model range, an acceptable percentage of marriage on a denying and small - on the rupture of the top material. In this method, the marriage mainly depends not on the operation of the product, but on the quality of glue and careful adherence to some nuances of production technology.

The history of modern shoe soles

Before the middle of the last century, until 1932, in fact, the entire sole of all civilizations was made of genuine leather. Naturally, with the roads in those days were difficulties and usually soles changed once for the season using one top. Russia did not differ from the rest of the world, and the profession of a shoemaker changing the soles on boots was one of the most sought-after. The boots were then worn and men, and men, because the high top of this type of shoe protected her legs from dirt and water. It was called this part of the freebie and the phrase "I will give your boots to freebies" meant that only the top was left from the shoes, and the sole, which was the most difficult and expensive part of the shoes, is already all in holes.

There was a small percentage of a natural rubber soles, but these products were worth just crazy money, and only very secured people could afford to afford the shoes on the rubber move. The reason is that natural rubber is growing only at the equator and only in certain countries: in Brazil and Thailand, and all attempts to grow rubber trees just norther or south of certain small regions ended in failure. And the demand for rubber was huge: the military industry, the emerging automotive, needed this material. Know and rich wanted rubberized raincoats and shoes in the rubber go to their wardrobe. Demand multiple times exceeded the offer, and the prices for raw materials were translated.

To reduce the cost of the cost of the rubber, they mixed with grinding skin, and so the material of the leather coat appeared. The whole country, Brazil, at that time built all its economy around a small rubber tree growing area. It came to the point that behind the fruiting rubber tree was given a fortune in the calculation to recoup the investment repeatedly, and this situation very much resembled a tulip fever in Holland. In Thailand, where after numerous attempts to grow rubber, it was possible to make it on the island of Phuket, there is still a law that it is impossible to grow and build anything more, while the trees do not become old.

Many scientific laboratories worked on the creation of an artificial substitute, and in 1901 it was possible to make the Russian chemist I. Kondakov. However, the first industrial batch of artificial rubber was released in Germany. Based on the work of Kondakov, 3,000 tons of material were produced, which completely went to the needs of the military industry. However, the synthetic rubber significantly inferior to natural, the production was classified and mothballed. And already in 1932, the Soviet scientist S.V. Lebedev has developed an inexpensive and effective method of production of synthetic rubber.

The next Germany was able to repeat success in 1936. The importance of these events is difficult to overestimate: over several years, both countries have converted innovative products to the whole army and industry, the Brazilian economy collapsed and rolled back for decades, and the consumer around the world received a water-fried sole, significantly superior to the leather in all operational characteristics.

In winter, special requirements are presented to the shoes. It should not only keep legs in dryness and warmth, but also to ensure maximum stability when driving on ice and snow. If you correctly pick up non-slip soles, you will be able to avoid injuries in the cold season. The choice of boots and boots must be approached carefully, especially if they are worn by children. It is also worth learn about the simple home methods to reduce the degree of slip.

Basic rules for choosing shoes when ice

Choosing shoes for the winter, do not save no time nor money. If it does not meet certain requirements, it is possible to get serious injuries. It is imperative to figure out how to choose a non-slip sole. Follow the following recommendations:

  1. The material of the shoe must be resistant to frost, necessarily the presence of a high-quality tread.
  2. You should not give preference to stiletto models, a high platform.
  3. Control with the road surface should be maximum.
  4. Heel height It is worth choosing no more than 5 cm. It is extremely important that it is wide.
  5. Optimal base thickness is a minimum centimeter.

Models with solid flat or thick embossed soles are considered the best option for the winter. It is also allowed to choose shoes on a wide but low heel. Wovenks made from sheep natural felt are extremely popular - the risk of slipping is significantly less in them.

Even if you choose a model of a boot or boot from proven brands, they can disappoint in winter. It is due to the fact that only such a sole is not slipped, which is made of the material suitable for the cold season.

It is important to choose shoes from a frost material with a deep tread sole
Heel must be wide, and the grip with a road coating maximum
The optimal thickness of the sole is at least 1 cm
Studs - not the best option of winter shoes

Material manufacturing sole

Winter shoe models are not made of all materials. If they are not resistant to frost, the base on the street hardens, it will become even stronger even more. As a rule, the following materials are used in the manufacture of the sole:

  1. Thermoelastoplast. The main advantage of the TEP is the frost resistance. It can withstand temperatures up to minus 45 degrees. From the TEP make the best non-slip soles for autumn, winter.
  2. Polyurethane. Suitable for making demi-season shoes, for winter is considered inappropriate material. In the frost, it strongly slides, with minus 20 degrees simply burst.
  3. Thermopoluretan. It does not slide, but it is not capable of fully retaining heat. As a rule, this material is used with polyurethane.
  4. Polyvinyl chloride. Winter shoes from it turns out very sliding. Also, the material does not withstand frost, burst even with a slight load. It is used only for making demi-season shoes.
  5. Ethylenevinyl acetate. It has a minimum weight, often used in the manufacture of sabo and demi-season boots. The material is capable of holding heat, does not miss moisture. True, the sliding sole is not used for shoes intended for the winter period.
  6. Rubber. Time proven material, characterized by flexibility, elasticity, wear resistance. The rubber base is resistant to low temperatures, non-slip, though heavy. Feet in such a shoe quickly get tired.

The best basis for winter shoe models is rubber and thermoelastoplast. These are sufficiently soft, elastic materials that are in demand from the manufacturers. Most often, the preference is given to the TEP due to its ease.

Shoes with a sole of thermoelastoplast should be extremely gently dried. It is forbidden to place it near the heating devices, since the material can might and lose the original properties.

TEP
Rubber
Polyurethane
PVC
TPU
Eva

Figure tread

The protector on the sole is designed to provide reliable clutch with the surface. In many ways, the effect depends on the drawing and its depth. Choose a suitable protector with the following nuances:

  1. The deeper the drawing, the more stable it turns out shoes. The optimal clutch provides a protector whose depth varies in the range from 5 to 8 mm.
  2. The best coupling is noted in the presence of a complex asymmetric pattern, where the grooves directed in different directions are present. If the grooves turn out to be drawn only in one direction, the legs will slide. Sustainability is provided precisely due to multidirectionality.
  3. A large number of individual elements makes it possible to achieve maximum stability. For maximum efficiency, the grooves cut through a sharp corner.
  4. The grip is enhanced by the presence of additional elements. For example, a folding plane or spikes made of metal are effective.

The protector is designed not only to ensure safety in the ice, he has a number of other important tasks. It has depreciation properties, helps reduce the load.

The deeper and more complex drawing of the tread, the more stable the shoes on the ice
The grip is enhanced by the presence of spikes or other metal elements on the sole

How to make a sole nonsense

If shoes are not equipped with an anti-slip sole, you can use folk methods to protect yourself. It will help to achieve the desired effect of ice-access and stickers, there are also a number of effective domestic ways. Each options can be allocated pluses, minuses.

Stickers against sliding

The easiest way to make non-slip boots with stickers on ice. For their manufacture, as a rule, a rubber is used, which is subject to vulcanization. Due to such actions, the material becomes durable, soft and elastic, is distinguished by resistance to low temperatures. Also, the stickers can be made from polyurethane, the adhesive layer in them is two-way tape.

You can find such products in shoe departments and workshops. When choosing them, you need to consider the size:

  • The first - corresponds to 35-38 sizes;
  • The second is for the size boot 39-41;
  • The third is for shoes 42 size and more.

The feature of the stickers is that they can be fixed both on a flat basis and on the shoes with a heel. They are pretty simple, you just need to perform the following steps:

  1. Clean the surface from dirt.
  2. Degrease clean soles.
  3. Dry.
  4. Remove the protective film.
  5. Secure the sticker in the desired position.

Thus, the anti-slip sole is obtained, capable of protecting from falls to the Hollyeditsa. In addition, it is possible to prevent wiping shoes. The service life of such products varies from several days to one month. It is noted that in the case of frequent wetting, the lining flies much faster.

Ice Accommodation

Another excellent option that can be safely used in ice. These are peculiar nozzles with reliable fastening, which are able to serve far from one winter. They are made from the resistant to the exposure to low rubber temperatures. Additionally, products are equipped with spikes, in the production of which is used by stainless steel. Fastening length is adjustable. Most often, ice-accessories are performed in the form of studded parts, tightly fixed on the foot with the help of straps.

Among the advantages of winter devices are distinguished:

  • efficiency;
  • the ability to adjust depending on the size;
  • suitable for different models of shoes;
  • reliable fixation;
  • durability.

True, in the ice stations the shoes looks less attractive. This is perhaps their only drawback.

Homemade methods

If there is simply no time to choose from ice-accessories or stickers, but in the street there is a strong ice, you can resort to the use of remedies. In winter, the following methods are often used:

  1. Patch. Cut down slightly suitable pieces, they are glued into the area of ​​the sock and heels. With the help of the leucoplasty, stability increases, strong gliding is prevented. True, it will not last at all for a long time, when the water gets into the water, it will begin to grind, be sure to flies.
  2. Sand. Fixed based on glue, which is applied with strokes. The adhesive mass is simply sprinkled with sand. When the surface enhances, the surplus is removed by shaking. The method allows to achieve a good clutch, but just a few days. After a certain period of time, all actions will have to repeat.
  3. Emery. There are several ways to use the means, you can, for example, using it, make the sole of rough. Also effective is the method of gluing emery paper directly to the sole. How durable will be a sticker, directly depends on the quality of the glue used.

In addition, there are a number of other options for giving shoes of stability, however, they are very dubious. For example, it is believed to be reduced sliding will be possible by rubbing the soles of the boots with raw potatoes. The desired effect may be achieved, but it is preserved a completely short time.

Another unusual method - scratch the sole so that it becomes rough. Alas, this method is too unsafe. If it is incorrectly calculated, shoes even from high-quality material will be hopelessly corrupted.

In winter, it is imperative to protect yourself from falling on ice. It is necessary to take care that the boots do not slip on the road surface were resistant, due to which the risk of injury will decrease at times. It is necessary to accommodately approach the choice of shoes or at least take advantage of safe prickly means to achieve the desired result. Fortunately, there are currently a huge amount.

Stick on the sole as a regular plaster
To handle its sandpaper by making the surface rough
Use sand pre-mixed with glue
Grasp powered potato
Screw to the perimeter of the sole screw

Video

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